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The objective of this study was to investigate the risk of attenuated efficacy due to adaptive resistance for the siderophore-conjugated monocarbam SMC-3176 in Pseudomonas aeruginosa by using a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) approach. MICs were determined in cation-adjusted Mueller-Hinton broth (MHB) and in Chelex-treated, dialyzed MHB (CDMHB).(More)
Multidrug resistance in Gram-negative bacteria has become so threatening to human health that new antibacterial platforms are desperately needed to combat these deadly infections. The concept of siderophore conjugation, which facilitates compound uptake across the outer membrane by hijacking bacterial iron acquisition systems, has received significant(More)
Preliminary enthusiasm over the encouraging spectrum and in vitro activities of siderophore conjugates, such as MB-1, was recently tempered by unexpected variability in in vivo efficacy. The need for these conjugates to compete for iron with endogenously produced siderophores has exposed a significant liability for this novel antibacterial strategy. Here,(More)
Tigecycline is a currently marketed antimicrobial agent with activity against resistant gram-positive cocci, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Despite the proven efficacy of tigecycline in the treatment of infections caused by these pathogens, questions remain as to the exposure-response relationship best associated with its(More)
Tigecycline is a glycylcycline with activity against Enterobacteriaceae, including multidrug-resistant isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) and carbapenemases. Herein, we used an in vivo murine thigh model to characterize the pharmacodynamic profile of tigecycline against genotypically and(More)
GSK2140944 is a novel bacterial type II topoisomerase inhibitor with in vitro activity against key causative respiratory pathogens, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). We described the pharmacodynamics of GSK2140944 against MRSA in the neutropenic murine lung infection model. MICs of GSK2140944 were determined by broth(More)
OBJECTIVES When evaluating the pharmacodynamics of antimicrobials, assumptions are often made relative to their pharmacokinetics. One example of this is applying tissue penetration results of uninfected hosts to those displaying a targeted illness. As tigecycline evolves into a potential treatment option for pneumonia, we determined whether the presence of(More)
Doripenem and ertapenem have demonstrated efficacy against several NDM-1-producing isolates in vivo, despite having high MICs. In this study, we sought to further characterize the efficacy profiles of humanized regimens of standard (500 mg given every 8 h) and high-dose, prolonged infusion of doripenem (2 g given every 8 h, 4-h infusion) and 1 g of(More)
Enterobacteriaceae producing the OXA-48 carbapenemase are emerging worldwide, leaving few treatment options. Efficacy has been demonstrated in vivo with ceftazidime against a ceftazidime-susceptible OXA-48 isolate but not with imipenem despite maintaining susceptibility. The relationship between phenotype and in vivo efficacy was assessed for OXA-48(More)
BACKGROUND Resistance among gram-negative bacteria is increasing within the US. OBJECTIVE To determine pharmacodynamic target attainment rates for 10 antimicrobials against selected gram-negative bacilli and compare these results with previous Optimizing Pharmacodynamic Target Attainment Using the MYSTIC Antibiogram (OPTAMA) assessments. METHODS A(More)