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OBJECTIVES To compare the incidence of newly developed chronic renal insufficiency after partial nephrectomy (PN) and radical nephrectomy (RN). Elective PN for renal tumors is intended to preserve renal function; however, studies of transplant donors suggest normal renal function is also maintained after unilateral nephrectomy. METHODS We retrospectively(More)
BACKGROUND Previous human clinical trials of insulin-like growth factor type I (IGF-1) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have been inconsistent. This phase III, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was undertaken to address whether IGF-1 benefited patients with ALS. METHODS A total of 330 patients from 20 medical centers were randomized(More)
A coumarin-responsive chronic relapsing purpura fulminans syndrome is described in a protein-C-deficient newborn infant. Episodes of acute disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and cutaneous gangrene, which first appeared at age 11 h, were effectively controlled for 28 months with transfusions of fresh-frozen plasma. Cryoprecipitate and(More)
PURPOSE Broadened applications of imaging modalities have increased the incidental detection of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) over the past decade. Previous small series have suggested a prognostic benefit for incidental presentation. This study utilizes a large contemporary patient cohort to examine patterns of RCC presentation and their clinical(More)
We present evidence suggesting that the effect of self-explanations on learning is not always beneficial and, in fact, in some contexts has a detrimental effect. Over eight sessions, fourth-graders engaged in investigation of a database with the goal of identifying causal effects. In a separate task, children in one condition also generated(More)
Intercostal block by a freezing technique was compared with blockade by local anaesthetics or no blockade as a method of treating post-thoracotomy pain. The 15 patients who received cryotherapy had significantly less postoperative pain than the 9 patients whose nerves were blocked by local anaesthetics or who did not receive any nerve block. The(More)
The first South African case of haemolytic anaemia due to erythrocyte pyrimidine 5'-nucleotidase deficiency is reported. The anaemia is characterized by the presence of high erythrocyte pyrimidine nucleotide levels and marked basophilic stippling. The enzyme levels in 20 family members confirm an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance and illustrate the(More)
OBJECTIVES The radiographic characteristics of central giant cell granuloma (CGCG) vary to a great extent. This study sought to relate the radiographic and clinical features of several cases, which were confirmed histopathologically, as central giant cell granulomas, and to systematically review the relevant literature. METHODS Twenty cases with an(More)
  • Jared Katz
  • European journal of anaesthesiology. Supplement
  • 1995
Although some studies of pre-emptive analgesia have reported small reductions in post-operative pain or analgesic consumption in favour of pre-incisional vs. post-incisional or post-operative treatment, most have not demonstrated any benefit at all. This paper reviews recent evidence supporting the effectiveness of pre-emptive analgesia and discusses(More)