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We have previously demonstrated the synthesis of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) in the distal cortical nephron of the rat kidney. We now report the synthesis of C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) in the rat, mouse, and human nephron. CNP mRNA was initially detected in the rat and mouse kidney, as well as in three transformed cell lines isolated from the(More)
Most agents that regulate osteoclast bone resorption exert their effects indirectly, through the osteoblast. Nitric oxide, which stimulates soluble guanylyl cyclase, has been reported to inhibit osteoclast bone resorption directly, by a cGMP-independent mechanism (1). In this report, we demonstrate that C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), an activator of(More)
Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) has been demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of acute renal failure (ARF) in both rat and humans. The biological effects of ANF are presumed to be mediated by the generation of intracellular 3',5'-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). Therefore, the current investigation examined whether zaprinast (M&B 22948), a(More)
Cellular mechanism(s) regulating atriopeptin secretion and processing by the atrial myocyte are currently unknown. Osmotic stretch of isolated atrial myocytes as well as potassium chloride depolarization were potent stimuli of atriopeptin secretion. Release was potentiated by buffering either extracellular calcium with EGTA or intracellular calcium with the(More)
Separation of all major cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase metabolites of arachidonic acid were obtained by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). A C18 reverse-phase column was used in ion suppression mode to separate underivatized metabolites of arachidonic acid isolated from human and rabbit platelets. The metabolites were monitored by measuring(More)
High concentrations of nitric oxide (NO) inhibit bone resorption by mature osteoclasts. We examined the effects of low NO concentrations on osteoclast formation in mouse bone marrow cultures. The NO releasers sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and S-nitroso-N-acetyl-DL-penicillamine inhibited the formation of multinucleated cells expressing tartrate-resistant acid(More)
Reactive oxygen species, probably hydroxyl radicals (OH.), have been suggested to be generated during arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism and, once released, these species can modify the rate and extent of various reactions involved in AA metabolism. We have studied this phenomenon in washed human platelets. OH. generation was quantitated using 14C-benzoic(More)