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During leg flexion from erect posture, postural stability along the medio-lateral direction is organized in advance during "anticipatory postural adjustments" (APAs). This study aimed to investigate the influence of temporal pressure on this anticipatory postural control of medio-lateral stability. Eight young healthy participants performed series of leg(More)
Postural sway increases with age. The decreased stability associated with postural sway often has been related to the reduced peripheral sensibility in the visual, vestibular, and proprioceptive systems. We examined whether the micropostural adjustments necessary for maintaining balance also require some cognitive processing. Young and older subjects were(More)
This study tested whether a deafferented patient demonstrates impaired timing ability compared with four control subjects. By comparing normal subjects with the deafferented patient, some insight was expected on the importance of proprioception in timing of motor behavior. The protocol was set to enhance the strategy of the subjects in using feedbacks.(More)
Recently, it was observed that the freely chosen pedal rate of elite cyclists was significantly lower at 06:00 than at 18:00 h, and that ankle kinematics during cycling exhibits diurnal variation. The modification of the pedaling technique and pedal rate observed throughout the day could be brought about to limit the effect of diurnal variation on(More)
The aim of this study was to follow the circadian fluctuation of the spontaneous pedal rate and the motor spontaneous tempo (MST) in a sample of highly trained cyclists. Ten subjects performed five test sessions at various times of day. During each test session, subjects were required to perform (i) a finger-tapping task, in order to set the MST and (ii) a(More)
Physiological and biomechanical constraints as well as their fluctuations throughout the day must be considered when studying determinant factors in the preferred pedaling rate of elite cyclists. The aim of this study was to monitor the diurnal variation of spontaneous pedaling rate and movement kinematics over the crank cycle. Twelve male competitive(More)
This study was designed to (a) verify whether the time available for movement preparation and execution modulates anticipatory postural adjustments/focal movement coordination and (b) determine to what extent the coordination in an anticipation-coincidence (AC) timing task is specific. Ten subjects performed an arm-raising movement from standing position in(More)
The aim of this study is to compare the body-gun stability of biathletes and rifle shooters up to the firing of a shot, when shooting in standing position. Eight subjects are tested: two experts and two novices in rifle shooting, two experts and two novices in biathlon. Electromyographic (EMG) activity of the tibialis anterior, gastrocnemius and deltoid(More)
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