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Evolution of the construct of resilience from physiological and psychological research extends from the 1800s to the present. This review supports 3 observations: (1) the importance of a dynamic, interactive perspective for understanding resilience; (2) the complexity of the construct requires a holistic perspective; and (3) the importance of exposure to(More)
Resilience describes a process whereby people bounce back from adversity and go on with their lives. It is a dynamic process highly influenced by protective factors. Protective factors are specific competencies that are necessary for the process of resilience to occur. Competencies are those healthy skills and abilities that the individual can access and(More)
As part of an ongoing study of risk factors for unipolar depression in adult first-degree relatives of depressed probands, we have evaluated the relationship between cognitions and social adjustment in parents and adult offspring. Asymptomatic relatives of families with at least one parent with major depression, of families with no affected parent, and of(More)
A new paradigm for delivering comprehensive mental and general health services has been born out of the necessity to integrate all aspects of health care. Because of issues of cost-effectiveness and capitation, fragmentation of services is no longer viable. Graduate programs in nursing will need to: (1) effectively prepare its practitioners to manage the(More)
Understanding social contextual mediators of risk in HIV/AIDS prevention and promoting cultural adaptation of clinical interventions have evolved from new priorities set forth by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) on ecological validity and translational research (NIH, 2001). Thus, emphasis is placed on linguistically and culturally translating(More)
International adoption research has been called a natural experiment by many child development researchers. How do studies of severe early deprivation inform us about risk factors experienced by many of these children and their impact on developmental outcomes? Three longitudinal studies conducted by British and American researchers in the 1990s are(More)
INTRODUCTION The former Soviet Union (including the present independent republics of Russia, Ukraine, Latvia, Belarus, Lithuania, and Georgia) is the leading source of children adopted from overseas by persons in the United States (US Department of State, 1998). This study sought to (a) characterize the current social, academic, and conduct competencies of(More)
Depression in adolescents is more common in girls; this gender disparity becomes more apparent during the teen years when girls have close to twice the rate of depression compared with boys. Vulnerability-stress models help explain these differences, and a tendency toward rumination may play a role both in the development and continuation of depressive(More)
The rate of HIV infection among U.S. citizens who live with serious mental illness (SMI) is significantly higher than among the general population. Research on the determinants of risk behavior is limited. The purpose of this article is to explore the effects of HIV-related health disparities on people with SMI by analyzing the multiple determinants, or(More)
Severely Mentally Ill (SMI) adults have disproportionately high HIV seroprevalence rates. Abuse of alcohol and other substances (AOD) and lifetime exposure to trauma by others are particularly potent risk factors, which, in combination with psychiatric disabilities, create triple jeopardy for HIV infection. This study examined the predictive utility of(More)