Janyce G Dyer

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Evolution of the construct of resilience from physiological and psychological research extends from the 1800s to the present. This review supports 3 observations: (1) the importance of a dynamic, interactive perspective for understanding resilience; (2) the complexity of the construct requires a holistic perspective; and (3) the importance of exposure to(More)
Resilience describes a process whereby people bounce back from adversity and go on with their lives. It is a dynamic process highly influenced by protective factors. Protective factors are specific competencies that are necessary for the process of resilience to occur. Competencies are those healthy skills and abilities that the individual can access and(More)
Severely Mentally Ill (SMI) adults have disproportionately high HIV seroprevalence rates. Abuse of alcohol and other substances (AOD) and lifetime exposure to trauma by others are particularly potent risk factors, which, in combination with psychiatric disabilities, create triple jeopardy for HIV infection. This study examined the predictive utility of(More)
Florida, the "Sunshine State", is paradise for international tourists and has been adopted as seasonal or permanent home by many wealthy individuals and celebrities. However, Florida is not paradise for the growing number of residents who suffer from poverty, health problems, and a lack of access to health care and social services. The purpose of this paper(More)
Environmental flows are applied to regulated rivers, predominantly with the aim of benefiting native fauna. However, the outcomes for biodiversity and the mechanisms that underpin changes due to these manipulations are poorly understood. We examined the effects of elevated water release, of the magnitude used for riffle maintenance, on the movement and(More)
The rate of HIV infection among U.S. citizens who live with serious mental illness (SMI) is significantly higher than among the general population. Research on the determinants of risk behavior is limited. The purpose of this article is to explore the effects of HIV-related health disparities on people with SMI by analyzing the multiple determinants, or(More)
Depression in adolescents is more common in girls; this gender disparity becomes more apparent during the teen years when girls have close to twice the rate of depression compared with boys. Vulnerability-stress models help explain these differences, and a tendency toward rumination may play a role both in the development and continuation of depressive(More)
In the current age of genomic health care, family history is an essential tool for health assessment, especially for those with chronic mental illness. Three methods of family history assessment (genograms, ecomaps, and pedigree analysis) are described and illustrated. Examples from the family history literature demonstrate each method's usefulness. These(More)
As part of an ongoing study of risk factors for unipolar depression in adult first-degree relatives of depressed probands, we have evaluated the relationship between cognitions and social adjustment in parents and adult offspring. Asymptomatic relatives of families with at least one parent with major depression, of families with no affected parent, and of(More)
Understanding social contextual mediators of risk in HIV/AIDS prevention and promoting cultural adaptation of clinical interventions have evolved from new priorities set forth by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) on ecological validity and translational research (NIH, 2001). Thus, emphasis is placed on linguistically and culturally translating(More)