Janusz Małecki

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BACKGROUND The passage of a lead in tissues and in the cardiovascular system depends on the implantation technique. The structure of the leads, which is a combination of two or more materials, triggers their wear. Breakage of the external pacemaker (PM) lead insulation causes unsealing of the lead and exposure of its internal spaces, which can be the anchor(More)
UNLABELLED There is no research on the change of quality of life and NYHA classification after pacing system upgrade performed as a treatment of advanced heart failure during a long observation period in a particular population of patients with long-term apical right ventricular pacing, permanent atrial fibrillation and complete atrio-ventricular block. The(More)
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