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Angiographic studies on 150 pituitary adenomas and 33 craniopharyngiomas presenting for surgical treatment are reviewed. Eleven incidental silent aneurysms (four arising from the intracavernous and four from the supraclinoid carotid artery, and three from the anterior cerebral artery complex) are shown. Intracavernous aneurysms were also present in two(More)
Magnetic stimulation of the nervous system is a new technique introduced in 1985 by Barker, Jalinous and Freeston. Using short pulses of a time-varying magnetic field it allows a noninvasive stimulation of the motor cortex and deeply placed peripheral nerves. The authors presented basic principles and applications of this method. Stimulation procedures were(More)
Peripheral nerve oxygen tensions were assessed in vivo by using microelectrodes to measure endoneurial oxygen tension in exposed sural nerve. In 11 diabetic patients with chronic sensorimotor neuropathy the mean endoneurial oxygen tension was 39.7 (SD 10.2) mm Hg. In all but one patient compared with none of four non-neuropathic subjects the mean nerve(More)
The recent publication of the results of the international study on unruptured intracranial aneurysms highlighted a paradox: there do not seem to be enough unruptured aneurysms in the population to account for the observed incidence of subarachnoid haemorrhage. Some authors have suggested that the answer to this paradox is that most aneurysms that bleed do(More)
OBJECTIVES To calculate the expected number of life-years saved by surgical treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms at ages over 20 years. METHODS An actuarial risk analysis of the treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms based on data from the International Study of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms (ISUIA). The benefits of operative(More)
Multidirectional extension and invasive spread are important features of giant pituitary adenomas. Operability cannot be established merely by determining the size of the most prominent part of the tumour. Detailed radiological evaluation with plain films, computed tomography, angiography, and air studies all contribute to evaluation of the precise anatomy(More)
The false positive and false negative computed tomography diagnoses of glioma made using an EMI 1010 machine on a consecutive series of patients seen over a period of two years are recorded. About 1.5% of gliomas were not detected on initial CAT scan, 6.5% were misdiagnosed as benign lesions, and in 6.5% of the cases identified as glioma a non-malignant(More)
Four cases of synovial cyst (ganglion) arising from the facet joints of the lumbar spine are reported. A typical presenting feature was exacerbation of pain on standing or walking, mimicking vascular claudication. MRI proved in all four cases to be the definitive investigation and surgery the treatment of choice, producing excellent results.
The article addresses the fascinating topic of blood flow in the normal and the adenomatous anterior pituitary gland. This is considered in conjunction with the anatomy and physiology of the area and the neuro secretion. The mechanisms of the control of the development and growth of the prolactinoma and the changes in the microcirculation of the tumour are(More)
136 patients older than 70 years, admitted to our neurosurgical ward directly after head trauma, were analysed. 40% of them were admitted with low GCS, below 9 points, and showed a mortality of 85%. 45 patients had intracranial mass lesions--the commonest was subdural haematoma, with a low incidence of epidural haematomas. In patients admitted with GCS(More)