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Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) and its receptors (PAC1, VPAC) are present in sensory neurons and vascular smooth muscle. PACAP infusion was found to trigger migraine-like headache in humans and we showed its central pro-nociceptive function in several mouse pain models. Nitroglycerol (NTG)-induced pathophysiological changes were(More)
The effect of close-by arterial injections of capsaicin on single afferent fibers of the saphenous nerve was studied on 82 units from control rats and on 44 units from rats pretreated with capsaicin (total dose 200 mg/kg applied subcutaneously under anesthesia 3 days before the experiment). In control rats low doses of capsaicin selectively excited(More)
The presence of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) and its receptors in capsaicin-sensitive peptidergic sensory nerves, inflammatory and immune cells suggest its involvement in inflammation. However, data on its role in different inflammatory processes are contradictory and there is little known about its functions in the airways.(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate changes in the plasma calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) concentration and platelet serotonin (5-hydroxytriptamine, 5-HT) content during the immediate headache and the delayed genuine migraine attack provoked by nitroglycerin. Fifteen female migraineurs (without aura) and eight controls participated in the(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the involvement of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) receptors in oral dextran sulfate sodium-induced (DSS) colitis using TRPV1 knockout mice and their wild-type C57BL/6 counterparts. DSS (2% or 5%) was administered orally ad libitum for 7 days; the controls received tap water. Animal weight, stool(More)
Intrathecal injections of capsaicin (CAP) and 4 other homovanillic acid (HMV) derivatives related to the structure of CAP were carried out. Capsaicin, 1-nonenoylvanillylamide (NVA), HMV-dodecylamide (DCA) (but not HMV-cyclohexylamide (CHA) or HMV-hexadecylamide (HDC] reduced the spinal content of substance P (SP), as measured by radioimmunoassay (RIA), and(More)
We have recently reported the specific binding of [3H]resiniferatoxin to sensory ganglion membranes; this binding appears to represent the postulated vanilloid (capsaicin) receptor. In the present report, we compare the structure/activity relations for binding to rat dorsal root ganglion membranes and for biological responses in the rat, using a series of(More)
The intrathecal administration of capsaicin, a homovanillylamide derivative, has been demonstrated to cause analgesia in response to thermal stimuli. This analgesia has been correlated with a profound depletion of spinal substance P, a putative primary afferent transmitter. We studied the effects of capsaicin, a series of capsaicin analogues, piperine and(More)
We have previously shown in animals that somatostatin released from capsaicin-sensitive afferents in response to inflammation and tissue damage exerts systemic anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory actions. Since peptidergic sensory innervation of the airways and the joints are particularly dense, we aimed at investigating the alterations of plasma(More)