Learn More
Anthracyclines have received significant attention due to their effectiveness and extensive use as anticancer agents. At present, the clinical use of these drugs is offset by drug resistance in tumours and cardiotoxicity. Therefore, a relentless search for the 'better anthracycline' has been ongoing since the inception of these drugs > 30 years ago. This(More)
Anthracyclines are considered to be some of the most effective anticancer drugs for cancer therapy. However, drug resistance and cardiotoxicity of anthracyclines limit their clinical application. We hypothesize that direct modifications of the sugar moiety of anthracyclines avert P-glycoprotein (P-gp) recognition and efflux, increase drug intracellular(More)
S-Nitrosothiols (RSNOs) are important exogenous and endogenous sources of nitric oxide (NO) in biological systems. A series of 4-aryl-1,3,2-oxathiazolylium-5-olates derivatives with varying aryl para-substituents (-CF3, -H, -Cl, and -OCH3) were synthesized. These compounds were found to release NO under acidic condition (pH = 5). The decomposition pathway(More)
N-Acetyl-D-neuraminic acid (NeuNAc) aldolase is an important enzyme for the metabolic engineering of cell-surface NeuNAc using chemically modified D-mannosamines. To explore the optimal substrates for this application, eight N-acyl derivatives of D-mannosamine were prepared, and their accessibility to NeuNAc aldolase was quantitatively investigated. The(More)
Anthracyclines are widely used in patients for anticancer activity. However, one of the limitations for their clinical use is P-gp-mediated drug resistance in cancer therapy. We hypothesize that modified anthracyclines will retain their anticancer activity, avert P-gp binding, and thus overcome P-gp-mediated drug resistance. Twenty-five daunorubicin(More)
The human CD1d protein presents a wide range of lipids to the TCR of invariant natural killer T cells (iNKT). Alpha-GalCer is one of the most potent iNKT stimulatory ligands presented by CD1d. The lipid portion of this ligand has been extensively investigated over the course of the past few years; however, the sugar portion of the ligand has received(More)
Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells are innate T lymphocytes that express T cell receptors binding to exogenous and endogenous glycosphingolpid antigens presented by a nonpolymorphic, non-MHC antigen presenting molecule, CD1d. The endogenous glycosphingolipid metabolite, isoglobotrihexosylceramide (iGb3), is the first known natural ligand for both human(More)
The glycosphingolipid α-GalCer has been found to influence mammalian immune system significantly through the natural killer T cells. Unfortunately, the pre-clinical and clinical studies revealed several critical disadvantages that prevented the therapeutic application of α-GalCer in treating cancer and other diseases. Recently, the detailed illustration of(More)
  • 1