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Individuals with the 18q- syndrome have variable deletions from the long arm of chromosome 18. They also exhibit a highly variable phenotype. To correlate genotype with phenotype accurately, extensive molecular and phenotypic analyses are needed on each affected individual. As a part of this analysis, we have determined the parental origin of the deleted(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and MRI relaxometry were used to investigate disturbed brain myelination in 18q- syndrome, a disorder characterized by mental retardation, dysmorphic features, and growth failure. T1-weighted and dual spin-echo T2-weighted MR images were obtained, and T1 and T2 parametric image maps were created for 20 patients and 12(More)
Deletions of chromosome 18q are among the most common segmental aneusomies compatible with life. The estimated frequency is approximately 1/40,000 live births [Cody JD, Pierce JF, Brkanac Z, Plaetke R, Ghidoni PD, Kaye CI, Leach RJ. 1997. Am. J. Med. Genet. 69:280-286]. Most deletions are terminal encompassing as much as 36 Mb, but interstitial deletions(More)
Growth hormone insufficiency is a common cause of growth failure in children with the 18q- syndrome. Individuals with this syndrome have a deletion as large as 36 Mb from the long arm of chromosome 18. We have evaluated 33 children with this syndrome for growth hormone production and have identified a region of approximately 2 Mb, which is deleted in every(More)
One of our primary goals is to help families who have a child with an 18q deletion anticipate medical issues in order to optimize their child's medical care. To this end we have narrowed the critical regions for four phenotypic features and determined the penetrance for each of those phenotypes when the critical region for that feature is hemizygous. We(More)
The advent of oligonucleotide array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) has revolutionized diagnosis of chromosome abnormalities in the genetics clinic. This new technology also has valuable potential as a research tool to investigate larger genomic rearrangements that are typically diagnosed via routine karyotype. aCGH was used as a tool for the(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the spectrum of growth abnormalities in children with 18q deletions. The growth axis of 50 individuals with a cytogenetically and molecularly confirmed 18q deletion was investigated by determining height, growth velocity, insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), IGF-binding protein-3, bone maturation, and response to(More)
Individuals with a constitutional chromosome abnormality consisting of a deletion of a portion of the long arm of chromosome 18 (18q-) have a high incidence ( approximately 95%) of dysmyelination. Neuroradiologic findings in affected children report a smaller corpus callosum, but this finding has not been quantified. This is in part due to the large(More)
Since 18p- was first described in 1963, much progress has been made in our understanding of this classic deletion condition. We have been able to establish a fairly complete picture of the phenotype when the deletion breakpoint occurs at the centromere, and we are working to establish the phenotypic effects when each gene on 18p is hemizygous. Our aim is to(More)
The 18q- syndrome is one of the commonest deletion syndromes. Clinical characteristics are variable but may include: hypotonia, tapered digits, "carp-like" mouth, mental retardation, and hearing impairment. Growth failure (GF; both weight and height < 3%) was reported in 80% of affected individuals. We evaluated growth hormone (GH) sufficiency in 5 18q-(More)