Jannike Mørch Andersen

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This study attempts to provide a critical assessment of three different common approaches to identifying teactive species formed in biological systems: the 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin diacetate (DCFH-DA) assay, and the luminol- and lucigenin-amplified chemiluminescence assays. There have been several contradictory reports about the specificity of these(More)
We investigated the relative importance of heroin and its metabolites in eliciting a behavioral response in mice by studying the relationship between concentrations of heroin, 6-monoacetylmorphine (6MAM), and morphine in brain tissue and the effects on locomotor activity. Low doses (subcutaneous) of heroin (< or =5 micromol/kg) or 6MAM (< or =15(More)
It has been demonstrated that a triple regimen consisting of procyclidine (6 mg/kg), diazepam (10 mg/kg) and pentobarbital (30 mg/kg) can effectively terminate soman-induced (1 x LD50) seizures/convulsions in rats when administered 30-40 min following onset. However, convulsive activity lasting for only 45 min can result in marked neuronal pathology. The(More)
The aim of the present work was to use a three-choice simultaneous brightness discrimination test to examine the retention of non-spatial reference memory in rats treated with scopolamine (0.5 mg/kg) alone and in combination with various concentrations of D-cycloserine (DCS) (5, 15 and 50 mg/kg). Scopolamine given 1 h before testing for retention was found(More)
High blood-brain permeability and effective delivery of morphine to the brain have been considered as explanations for the high potency of heroin. Results from Andersen et al. indicate that 6-monoacetylmorphine (6-MAM), and not morphine, is the active metabolite responsible for the acute effects observed for heroin. Here, we use pharmacokinetic modeling on(More)
A fragment of the amyloid beta protein, betaA(25-35), was investigated for its effect on production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in human neutrophil granulocytes. The formation and identification of ROS were examined by using a 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin (DCF) fluorescence assay, a luminol chemiluminescence assay, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR)(More)
Imbalance between the oestrogen and androgen levels in utero is hypothesized to influence testicular cancer (TC) risk. Thus, variation in genes involved in the action of sex hormones may contribute to variability of an individual's susceptibility to TC. Mutations in testosterone pathway genes may alter the level of testosterone in vivo and hypothetically(More)
OBJECTIVE Several external stimuli, including trauma, increase the endogenous production of reactive oxygen species that spontaneously attack vital biological molecules. In addition to their direct toxic effects, several secondary messenger systems are induced. To forestall a subsequent organ dysfunction, a short-term posttraumatic down-regulation of(More)
OBJECTIVES To reveal a possible relationship between a previously reported impairment of novelty seeking in rats exposed to methadone and changes in intracellular molecules related to learning and memory. METHODS Expression of phosphorylated Ca²⁺-calmodulin kinase II (pCaMKII), extracellular-signal-regulated kinase 2 (pERK2) and cAMP-responsive element(More)
Testicular cancer (TC) incidence is increasing worldwide, but the aetiology remains largely unknown. An unbalanced level of oestrogens and androgens in utero is hypothesized to influence TC risk. Polymorphisms in genes encoding cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes involved in metabolism of reproductive hormones, such as CYP1A1, CYP3A5 and CYP3A7, may contribute to(More)