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Beta amyloid (Abeta), a peptide generated from the amyloid precursor protein (APP) by neurons, is widely believed to underlie the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease. Recent studies indicate that this peptide can drive loss of surface AMPA and NMDA type glutamate receptors. We now show that Abeta employs signaling pathways of long-term depression (LTD)(More)
Incorporation of GluR1-containing AMPA receptors into synapses is essential to several forms of neural plasticity, including long-term potentiation (LTP). Numerous signaling pathways that trigger this process have been identified, but the direct modifications of GluR1 that control its incorporation into synapses are unclear. Here, we show that(More)
The changes in synaptic morphology and receptor content that underlie neural plasticity are poorly understood. Here, we use a pH-sensitive green fluorescent protein to tag recombinant glutamate receptors and monitor their dynamics onto dendritic spine surfaces. We show that chemically induced long-term potentiation (chemLTP) drives robust exocytosis of AMPA(More)
A widely studied example of vertebrate plasticity is LTP (long-term potentiation), the persistent synaptic enhancement that follows a brief period of coinciding pre- and post-synaptic activity. During LTP, different kinases, including CaMKII (calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II) and protein kinase A, become activated and play critical roles in(More)
Experimental and clinical studies impressively demonstrate that angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) significantly reduce proteinuria and retard progression of glomerular disease. The underlying intraglomerular mechanisms are not yet fully elucidated. As podocyte injury constitutes a critical step in the(More)
The endogenous protein-phosphorylating activity of isolated chromatin was tested. We have found that a group of high-molecular-weight proteins (Mr greater than 50 000) was preferentially phosphorylated when chromatin from mouse ascites cells or from bovine lymphocytes was incubated in the presence of ATP. After disintegration of chromatin by nuclease(More)
Tumor cell migration and invasion are critical steps in the complex process of metastasis formation. It has been demonstrated that interferons (IFNs) inhibit the motility of human fibroblasts. In the present investigation we tested the effect of human leukocyte IFN and murine fibroblast IFN on the chemotactic migration of transformed and tumor-derived cells(More)
The biological function of the 20 C-terminal amino acids of human interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) was examined by recombinant DNA methodology. Six truncated IFN-gamma analogues were produced by modification of the 3' end of the coding sequence of the cloned gene, insertion into a vector with the trc promoter and expression of the recombinant IFN-gamma analogue(More)
We report the synthesis of a new integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3)-specific cyclic hexapeptide that contains an Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) sequence and is coupled to a dimyristoylthioglyceryl anchor. We demonstrate that this ligand is useful to study specific integrin binding to membrane surfaces. With the help of biotinylated analogues of the peptide, a spacer of optimal(More)
A new histone-specific acetyltransferase, which is closely associated with nucleosomes prepared from lymphocyte nuclei by treatment with micrococcal nuclease, is described. The acetylating enzyme transfers [3H]acetyl groups from [3H]acetyl-coenzyme A to the endogenous histones H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 in nucleosomes as well as to free histones added to the(More)