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Replicative senescence of T cells is correlated with erosion of telomere ends. Telomerase plays a key role in maintaining telomere length. Therefore, it is thought that telomerase regulates the life span of T cells. To test this hypothesis, we have over-expressed human telomerase reverse transcriptase in human CD8(+) T cells. Ectopic expression of human(More)
The superior ability of dendritic cells (DC) in triggering antigen-specific T cell responses makes these cells attractive tools for the generation of antitumor or antiviral immunity. We report here an efficient retroviral transduction system for the introduction of antigens into DC. A retroviral vector encoding several CTL epitopes in a string-of-beads(More)
OBJECTIVES Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDC) play an important role in the innate immune response to viral infections through the secretion of high levels of IFNalpha. We investigated whether PDC play a role in Human Papillomavirus (HPV) associated cervical carcinoma. METHODS Frozen sections of 18 cervical carcinomas were analyzed for the presence of(More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 infection is strongly associated with the development of cervical carcinoma (CxCa) in women. The HPV16-derived oncoproteins E6 and E7, responsible for both onset and maintenance of malignant transformation, are expressed constitutively in CxCa cells and represent tumor-associated Ags. As a result, E6 and E7 constitute(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) transfected with messenger RNA (mRNA) encoding tumor-associated antigens (TAA) are able to induce potent tumor-specific T-cell responses directed to a broad spectrum of tumor-associated epitopes. The in vitro generation of DC possessing all the features crucial for the induction of type 1 immune responses, such as mature state,(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) are increasingly applied as a cellular adjuvant in immunotherapy of cancer. Two major myeloid DC subsets are recognized: interstitial DC (IDC) that infiltrate connective tissues and Langerhans cells (LC) that line epithelial surfaces. Yet, functional differences between IDC and LC remain to be defined. We recently showed that the(More)
The CD34(+) human acute myeloid leukemia-derived cell line MUTZ-3 is dependent on hematopoietic growth factors for its proliferation and is able to differentiate into dendritic cells (DCs) in response to the combination of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, interleukin-4, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. This cell line carries human leukocyte(More)
Immunotherapy aiming at the combined activation of tumor associated antigen (TAA) specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) and Natural Killer (NK) cells may be crucial to eradicate both MHC-I positive and negative tumors. Vaccination with mature dendritic cells (DC) transfected with mRNA encoding for TAA and the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-12(More)
BACKGROUND Infection with high risk Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is associated with cancer of the cervix, vagina, penis, vulva, anus and some cases of head and neck carcinomas. The HPV derived oncoproteins E6 and E7 are constitutively expressed in tumor cells and therefore potential targets for T cell mediated adoptive immunotherapy. Effective immunotherapy(More)
BACKGROUND T cell receptor gene transfer is a promising strategy to treat patients suffering from HPV induced malignancies. Therefore we isolated the TCRalphabeta open reading frames of an HPV16E6 specific CTL clone and generated TCR transgenic T cells. In general low level expression of the transgenic TCR in recipient human T cells is observed as well as(More)