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Red wine polyphenols may preserve endothelial function during aging. Endothelial cell senescence enhances age-related endothelial dysfunction. We investigated whether RWE (red wine extract) prevents oxidative-stress-induced senescence in HUVECs (human umbilical-vein endothelial cells). Senescence was induced by exposing HUVECs to tBHP(More)
To investigate the vasorelaxant efficacy of nitrite and nitroxyl (HNO) in porcine coronary (micro)arteries (PC(M)As), evaluating their role as endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors (EDHFs), preconstricted PCAs and PCMAs were exposed to UV light (a well-known inductor of nitrite; wave-length: 350-370nm), nitrite, the HNO donor Angeli's salt, or(More)
BACKGROUND Polyphenols in red wine are supposed to improve endothelial function. We investigated whether daily red wine consumption improves in-vivo vascular function by reducing endothelin-1 (ET-1). Additional pathways mediating this effect were studied using porcine coronary arteries (PCAs). METHODS Eighteen young healthy women drank red wine daily for(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the calcium score and coronary plaque burden in asymptomatic statin-treated patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) compared with a control group of patients with low probability of coronary artery disease, having non-anginal chest pain, using CT. DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS 101 asymptomatic patients with FH(More)
Plasma leptin concentrations were measured every 20 min for 24 h in eight normal weight women and in eight upper body and eight lower body obese women matched for body mass index. The circadian rhythm of leptin, which could mathematically be described by a cosine, was characterized by an acrophase just after midnight in all subjects. The amplitude of a(More)
CONTEXT Previous clinical studies concerning the impact of body weight loss on single plasma TSH concentration measurements or the TSH response to TRH in obese humans have shown variable results. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of weight loss induced by caloric restriction on diurnal TSH concentrations and secretion in(More)
We used deconvolution analysis of 24-h plasma GH concentration profiles (10- min sampling intervals) to appraise GH secretion rates and elimination kinetics in obese (body mass index, approximately 34 kg/m2) premenopausal women with large visceral fat area (LVFA; n = 8) vs. small visceral fat area (SVFA; n = 8) as determined by magnetic resonance imaging.(More)
OBJECTIVE Fetal malnutrition may predispose to type 2 diabetes through gene programming and developmental changes. Previous studies showed that these effects may be modulated by genetic variation. Genome-wide association studies discovered and replicated a number of type 2 diabetes-associated genes. We investigated the effects of such well-studied(More)
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant disorder associated with a high risk of premature coronary heart disease (CHD). CHD prevention consists of lifestyle changes combined with lifelong statin treatment. Good adherence to statins reduces the risk of events substantially. This study was designed to identify determinants of non-adherence(More)
Abdominal obesity is associated with reduced 24-h plasma GH concentrations. It is unclear whether hyposomatotropism in abdominally obese humans is compensated by up-regulation of GH receptor sensitivity or causes less biological effect in target tissues. We, therefore, determined the responsiveness of adipose tissue to the lipolytic action of GH in(More)