Janne Paaso

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During the past decade, near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy has been applied for in-line moisture content quantification during a freeze-drying process. However, NIR has been used as a single-vial technique and thus is not representative of the entire batch. This has been considered as one of the main barriers for NIR spectroscopy becoming widely used in(More)
CONTEXT Continuous processing is becoming popular in the pharmaceutical industry for its cost and quality advantages. OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the mechanical properties, uniformity of dosage units and drug release from the tablets prepared by continuous direct compression process. MATERIALS AND METHODS The tablet formulations consisted of(More)
This study assessed the validity of a multipoint near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy method for in-line moisture content analysis during a freeze-drying process. It is known that the moisture content affects the stability of a freeze-dried product and hence it is a major critical quality attribute. Therefore assessment of the validity of an analytical method(More)
The nominal depth resolution achieved in confocal Raman microscopy is on the order of a few micrometers. Often, however, the depth resolution is decreased by light refraction at the sample surface. The problem can be avoided with the use of an immersion objective and index matching oils. Through this intervention the instrument point-spread function (PSF)(More)
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