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We formed the GEnetics of Nephropathy-an International Effort (GENIE) consortium to examine previously reported genetic associations with diabetic nephropathy (DN) in type 1 diabetes. GENIE consists of 6,366 similarly ascertained participants of European ancestry with type 1 diabetes, with and without DN, from the All Ireland-Warren 3-Genetics of Kidneys in(More)
Diabetic kidney disease, or diabetic nephropathy (DN), is a major complication of diabetes and the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) that requires dialysis treatment or kidney transplantation. In addition to the decrease in the quality of life, DN accounts for a large proportion of the excess mortality associated with type 1 diabetes (T1D).(More)
OBJECTIVE Poor glycemic control, elevated triglycerides, and albuminuria are associated with vascular complications in diabetes. However, few studies have investigated combined associations between metabolic markers, diabetic kidney disease, retinopathy, hypertension, obesity, and mortality. Here, the goal was to reveal previously undetected association(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS This study aimed to investigate whether variation in long-term glycaemia in type 1 diabetes as measured by HbA1c variability is associated with the cumulative incidence and risk of retinopathy requiring laser treatment. METHODS The effect of HbA1c variability was assessed in 2,019 Finnish Diabetic Nephropathy (FinnDiane) study patients.(More)
BACKGROUND The aim was to evaluate the effect of a 12-month individualized health coaching intervention by telephony on clinical outcomes. METHODS An open-label cluster-randomized parallel groups trial. Pre- and post-intervention anthropometric and blood pressure measurements by trained nurses, laboratory measures from electronic medical records (EMR). A(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if the cumulative incidence of severe retinopathy in patients with type 1 diabetes has changed. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The study looked at 3,781 patients diagnosed with type 1 diabetes (1939-2005), median age at onset 13 (interquartile range [IQR] 9-21) years, and duration of diabetes 19 (IQR 13-27) years. The severe(More)
Hypoxemia is common in diabetes, and reflex responses to hypoxia are blunted. These abnormalities could lead to cardiovascular/renal complications. Interval hypoxia (IH) (5-6 short periods of hypoxia each day over 1-3 weeks) was successfully used to improve the adaptation to hypoxia in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. We tested whether(More)
PURPOSE To describe a new treatment protocol to deliver panretinal photocoagulation that may avoid further deterioration of vision in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus with proliferative retinopathy with high risk characteristics for severe visual loss and cystoid macular oedema. METHODS Fundus photography, measurement of foveal thickness with(More)
PURPOSE To study retinal blood flow and vessel diameter after intra-ocular pressure (IOP) reduction in high- and low-pressure glaucomas, that is, exfoliation glaucoma (ExG) and normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). METHODS The study included 17 eyes with ExG and 20 with NTG. A minimum of 25% IOP reduction was achieved by deep sclerectomy. Blood flow in the(More)