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Postmortem bacteriology can be a valuable tool for evaluating deaths due to bacterial infection or for researching the involvement of bacteria in various diseases. In this study, time-dependent postmortem bacterial migration into liver, mesenteric lymph node, pericardial fluid, portal, and peripheral vein was analyzed in 33 autopsy cases by bacterial(More)
OBJECTIVES Urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) is expressed on a variety of different immune cells and vascular endothelial cells during inflammation. Previous studies indicate that a high plasma concentration of the soluble form of the receptor (suPAR) predicts poor outcome in infectious diseases. DESIGN A prospective cohort study. (More)
In this study, we determined the serum levels of mannan-binding lectin (MBL) in patients with suspected or documented infection to characterize the possible role of MBL in the susceptibility to infection. We also investigated the kinetics of MBL during the infection and correlated the concentrations of MBL with those of acute-phase reactants C-reactive(More)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a well-defined mature B-cell neoplasm associated with increased susceptibility to infections. Two major options in prevention of infections in CLL, intravenous gammaglobulin treatment and antimicrobial chemoprophylaxis, have not resulted in satisfactory outcome. A third strategy, antimicrobial vaccination, is the topic(More)
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), which is the rate-limiting enzyme for tryptophan (trp) catabolism, may play a critical role in various inflammatory disorders. Recent studies on trauma patients have suggested that the degradation of trp is associated with the development of sepsis. The role of IDO activity in bacteremic patients is unclear. We studied IDO(More)
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) insufficiency due to polymorphisms in the MBL2 gene causes an opsonization defect, which has been connected to infections and atopy. We investigated the significance of MBL2 genotypes with regard to persistent asthma and atopy among adults. The genotypes were determined in 243 adults with persistent asthma and 400 controls.(More)
Mannan-binding protein (MBP) is an acute phase reactant, and its deficiency is associated with the common opsonic defect and suspectibility to infections and atopic constitution. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes occurring in the serum level of MBP in infancy and during later childhood. We studied the serum concentration of MBP in 611(More)
OBJECTIVE AND METHODS To investigate the significance or mannan-binding lectin (MBL) gene alleles in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS). Genotypes were determined in 65 pSS patients and 138 controls. RESULTS No difference in MBL genotype or allele frequencies was detected between the pSS patients and controls. However, when the effect of MBL(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease in immunocompromised organ transplant patients. It has been linked with the pathogenesis of elevated arterial blood pressure. However, controversy exists as to whether CMV infection is associated with endothelial function, and little is known about its role as a(More)
OBJECTIVES Urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor is a multifunctional glycoprotein, the expression of which is increased during inflammation. It is known to bind to β3-integrins, which are elementary for the cellular entry of hantaviruses. Plasma soluble form of the receptor (suPAR) levels were evaluated as a predictor of severe Puumala hantavirus(More)