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The murine class I molecule H-2Kb and its natural gene conversion variant, H-2Kbm8, which differs from H-2Kb solely at 4 aa at the bottom of the peptide-binding B pocket, are expressed in coisogenic mouse strains C57BL/6 (B6) and B6.C-H-2bm8 (bm8). These two strains provide an excellent opportunity to study the effects of Mhc class I polymorphism on the T(More)
The participation of costimulatory molecule interactions in positive selection of T lymphocytes was addressed by assessing the ability of a positively selecting thymic epithelial cell (TEC) line, 427.1, to stimulate allospecific CTL responses. Stimulation of H-2s spleen cells with the H-2b expressing 427.1 line does not result in the generation of cells(More)
Apoptosis plays an essential role in the development and homeostasis of the immune system. During lymphocyte development, potentially autoreactive cells are eliminated via the activation of a tightly regulated cell death program(s). Similar processes operate in mature lymphocytes, to control the magnitude of the normal immune response by eliminating(More)
Previous studies from this laboratory have shown that >85% of old mice have stable B cell clonal populations detectable by Ig heavy chain complementary-determining region 3 mRNA size analysis and confirmed by sequence analysis. B cells from the same clone are frequently detected in several lymphoid compartments of the same mouse. We now report the phenotype(More)
The H-2Kb-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response directed against ovalbumin (OVA) is specific for a region contained within the sequence OVA253-276. In this study we have characterized this response by examining the class I-restricted presentation of OVA peptides by the naturally occurring Kb mutant (Kbm) glycoproteins Kbm1, Kbm3, Kbm5, Kbm8,(More)
We characterized kinetic and biochemical changes during glucocorticoid (GC)-induced apoptosis of immature CD8+CD4+ double-positive (DP) thymocytes. A GC analog dexamethasone (Dex) induced rapid apoptotic commitment and a transient up-regulation of the NF-kappaB/RelA-p50-binding activity in DP cells. This required an early activation of proteasome, as judged(More)
The fate of an immature thymocyte is determined by the specificity of its alpha beta T-cell receptor. Only cells expressing receptors that interact with sufficient affinity with major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules expressed on thymus epithelial cells are positively selected and go on to mature and seed the peripheral lymphoid organs. The H-2Kb(More)
Recently, we reported that thymocytes expressing the CD8 molecule on their surface can give rise to CD4+CD8+ double-positive and CD4+ single-positive progeny following intrathymic transfer into an irradiated host mouse. Thymcoytes expressing a high density of CD8, referred to as CD8hi, and those expressing a low density of the molecule, CD8lo, were both(More)
The peptide-binding site of the murine MHC class I molecule H-2Kb contains a deep C pocket, that is critical for peptide binding, as it accepts the anchor phenylalanine or tyrosine residue located in the middle (position 5, P5F/Y) of H-2Kb binding peptides. H-2Kb predominantly binds octameric peptides. By both criteria, H-2Kb is unique among the known(More)
Fas-deficient lpr and gld mice develop lymphadenopathy due to the accumulation of T cells with an unusual double negative (DN) (CD4-CD8-) phenotype. Previous studies have shown that these abnormal cells are capable of inducing redirected lysis of certain Fc receptor-positive target cells. Since the Fas ligand (FasL) has recently been shown to be partly(More)