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In the mammalian central nervous system, a diverse group of basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) proteins is involved in the determination of progenitor cells and, subsequently, in regulating neuronal differentiation. Here we report the identification of a novel subfamily of bHLH proteins, defined by two mammalian enhancer-of-split- and hairy-related proteins,(More)
4-vinyl-1-cyclohexene diepoxide (VCD) is known to destroy oocytes in ovaries of immature rats. Since ovaries functionally differ between immature and adult animals, we examined the effect of VCD on oocytes in adult rats. Adult (58 days) and immature (28 days) rats were injected daily (30 days) with vehicle or VCD. Each group contained 10 rats. During this(More)
Arx is a homeobox-containing gene with a high degree of sequence similarity between mouse and zebrafish. Arx is expressed in the forebrain and floor plate of the developing central nervous systems of these vertebrates and in the presumptive cortex of fetal mice. Our goal was to identify genes in Xp22.1-p21.3 involved in human neuronal development. Our in(More)
4-Vinylcyclohexene (VCH) is an ovarian toxicant in mice. Studies have established that bioactivation of VCH to epoxides is required for its ovotoxicity, with vinylcyclohexene diepoxide being the most potent epoxide of VCH in terms of follicular depletion. To determine the role of the diepoxide in the ovarian toxicity of VCH and related compounds, a(More)
Transcellular calcium transport in the kidney, pancreas, small intestine, and placenta is partly mediated by transient receptor potential (TRP) channels. The highly selective TRPV6 calcium channel protein is most likely important for the calcium transfer in different specialized epithelial cells. In the human placenta the protein is expressed in trophoblast(More)
1,3-Butadiene (BD) is an ovarian carcinogen in mice, but not in rats. Since species variation in metabolism of BD has been associated with the greater sensitivity of mice to BD-induced carcinogenicity, the extent of biotransformation and detoxification of BD and its epoxides may play a critical role in other ovotoxic effects of this compound. Thus, the(More)
The half-life (t1/2) of cocaine is relatively short, but some of the consequences of its use, such as seizures and strokes, can occur hours after exposure. This led us to hypothesize that a metabolite of cocaine may be responsible for some of those delayed sequelae. We evaluated the potential of the major metabolite of cocaine, benzoylecgonine (BE), to(More)
TRP channel proteins are widely expressed in female reproductive organs. Based on studies detecting TRP transcripts and proteins in different parts of the female reproductive organs and placenta they are supposed to be involved in the transport of the oocyte or the blastocyte through the oviduct, implantation of the blastocyte, development of the placenta(More)
TRPV6 channels function as epithelial Ca(2+) entry pathways in the epididymis, prostate, and placenta. However, the identity of the endogenous TRPV6 protein relies on predicted gene coding regions and is only known to a certain level of approximation. We show that in vivo the TRPV6 protein has an extended N terminus. Translation initiates at a non-AUG(More)