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Protein equinatoxin II from sea anemone Actinia equina L. was used to form pores in phospholipid membranes. We studied the effect of these pores on the net transmembrane transport of sucrose and glucose by observing single giant (cell-size) vesicles under the phase contrast microscope. Sugar composition in the vesicle was determined by measuring the width(More)
The shapes of extreme area difference between the outer and the inner layer (deltaA) of the closed lipid bilayer structures at fixed membrane area (A) and fixed volume (V) are determined by stating and analytically solving a variational problem for axisymmetric shapes. It is shown that the spheres with at most two different radii and the cylinder are the(More)
Vesicle shape transformations caused by decreasing the difference between the equilibrium areas of membrane monolayers were studied on phospholipid vesicles with small volume to membrane area ratios. Slow transformations of the vesicle shape were induced by lowering of the concentration of lipid monomers in the solution outside the vesicle. The complete(More)
The interaction between the pore-forming peptide melittin (MLT) and giant phospholipid vesicles was explored experimentally. Micromanipulation and direct optical observation of a vesicle (loaded with sucrose solution and suspended in isomolar glucose solution) enabled the monitoring of a single vesicle response to MLT. Time dependences of the vesicle size,(More)
We have investigated the relationship between the spreading of anchorage-dependent cells and the surface-density distribution of plasma membrane adhesion proteins. The surface positioning and density of integrin β1, caveolin-1 (cav-1), the phosphorylated caveolin-1 (p-cav-1) and the focal adhesion kinase (FAK) located on the adhering cell membrane (ACM) of(More)
The PepFect family of cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) was designed to improve the delivery of nucleic acids across plasma membranes. We present here a comparative study of two members of the family, PepFect3 (PF3) and PepFect6 (PF6), together with their parental CPP transportan-10 (TP10), and their interactions with lipid membranes. We show that the(More)
OBJECTIVES Anti-phospholipid antibodies have been recognized to play a role in vascular thrombosis and pregnancy morbidity. They were first thought to be directed to phospholipids, but it is now known that the majority of pathogenic antibodies recognizes epitopes on phospholipid-binding plasma proteins such as beta2-glycoprotein I (beta2GPI) or possibly(More)
Ternary mixtures of a high-melting lipid, a low-melting lipid, and cholesterol are known to form domains of a liquid-ordered and a liquid-disordered phase in bilayer membranes. We prepare giant vesicles from a sphingomyelin/dioleoylphosphocholine/cholesterol mixture and then examine them using fluorescence microscopy. NBD-labeled lipid and BODIPY-labeled(More)
The in vivo physiologic role of beta2-glycoprotein I (beta2GPI) is presumed to be related to its interactions with negatively charged phospholipid membranes. Increased quantities of procoagulant microparticles derived by the vesiculation of blood cells have been detected in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) frequently associated with antibodies(More)
The interaction of cationic surfactant cetylpyridinium chloride, CPC, with giant lipid vesicles prepared from 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoylphosphatidylcholine, POPC, was examined at various concentrations of the lipid component. The lipid concentration was determined by a spectrophotometric method. The potentiometric method based on surfactant-selective electrode(More)
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