Janita A. Maring

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Acetaldehyde and biogenic aldehydes were used as substrates to investigate the subcellular distribution of aldehyde dehydrogenase activity in autopsied human brain. With 10 microM acetaldehyde as substrate, over 50% of the total activity was found in the mitochondrial fraction and 38% was associated with the cytosol. However, with 4 microM(More)
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is a multifunctional cytokine with important roles in embryogenesis and maintaining tissue homeostasis during adult life. There are three isoforms of TGF-β, i.e., TGF-β1, -β2, and -β3, which signal by binding to a complex of transmembrane type I and type II serine/threonine kinase receptors and intracellular Smad(More)
ENDOGLIN (ENG) is a co-receptor for transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) family members that is highly expressed in endothelial cells and has a critical function in the development of the vascular system. Mutations in Eng are associated with the vascular disease known as hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia type l. Using mouse embryonic stem cells we(More)
The acetaldehyde metabolizing capacity in blood of alcoholics and nonalcoholics was investigated by an improved head-space gas chromatographic method. Great individual and interindividual variability was observed. The mean acetaldehyde oxidizing capacity of 3.51 nmoles/min/ml erythrocyte suspension in alcoholics was significantly lower than the mean of 5.20(More)
To date, cellular transplantation therapy has not yet fulfilled its high expectations for cardiac repair. A major limiting factor is lack of long-term engraftment of the transplanted cells. Interestingly, transplanted cells can positively affect their environment via secreted paracrine factors, among which are extracellular vesicles, including exosomes:(More)
It has been over a decade since the concept of cell-based therapy was coined as a method to treat patients who suffered the consequences of myocardial infarction (MI). Shortly after promising preclinical results emerged, a rapid translation to the clinic was made using stem cells isolated from a variety of sources, including bone marrow mononuclear cells(More)
Evidence is growing that acetaldehyde is responsible for some toxic effects after ethanol intake. Large individual and racial differences in blood and breath acetaldehyde concentrations are observed after alcohol consumption. In many Orientals but few Caucasians extremely high blood acetaldehyde levels occur leading to an acute aldehyde syndrome also(More)
Fibrosis plays a role in many pathological conditions, among which is the autoimmune disease systemic sclerosis (SSc). SSc is characterized by fibrosis in the skin and internal organs, but the etiology remains to be elucidated. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is a key player in the fibrotic process, also in SSc. TGF-β induces the production of several(More)
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