Janis A. Hoffman

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Ankyrins are a family of adapter proteins required for localization of membrane proteins to diverse specialized membrane domains including axon initial segments, specialized sites at the transverse tubule/sarcoplasmic reticulum in cardiomyocytes, and lateral membrane domains of epithelial cells. Little is currently known regarding the molecular basis for(More)
The molecular mechanisms required for inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP(3)R) targeting to specialized endoplasmic reticulum membrane domains are unknown. We report here a direct, high affinity interaction between InsP(3)R and ankyrin-B and demonstrate that this association is critical for InsP(3)R post-translational stability and localization in(More)
Traditionally, neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptors have been divided into Y1 and Y2 subtypes based on peptide pharmacology and synaptic localization. Other receptor subtypes have been proposed based on preferences for NPY, peptide YY (PYY), or pancreatic polypeptide (PP). Recently, we discovered a novel human member of this receptor family exhibiting high(More)
Ankyrins-R, -B, and -G are a family of membrane-associated adaptors required for localization of structurally diverse proteins to specialized membrane domains, including axon initial segments, cardiomyocyte T-tubules, and epithelial cell lateral membranes. Ankyrins are often co-expressed in the same cells and, although structurally similar, have(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) preferentially infects CD4+ T lymphocytes and may exist as a latent provirus within these cells for extended periods. The transition to a productive retroviral infection results in T-cell death and clinically may lead to the acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Accelerated production of infectious HIV-1(More)
Parasympathetic stimulation of pancreatic islets augments glucose-stimulated insulin secretion by inducing inositol trisphosphate receptor (IP(3)R)-mediated calcium ion (Ca2+) release. Ankyrin-B binds to the IP(3)R and is enriched in pancreatic beta cells. We found that ankyrin-B-deficient islets displayed impaired potentiation of insulin secretion by the(More)
The NUP1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes one member of a family of nuclear pore complex proteins (nucleoporins) conserved from yeast to vertebrates. We have used mutational analysis to investigate the function of Nuplp. Deletion of either the aminoor carboxy-terminal domain confers a lethal phenotype, but partial truncations at either end affect(More)
New methodology for identifying and locating crosslinkages in peptides is described. Pepsin is used to cleave insulin and B-chain dimers of insulin into fragments under conditions which retain the original peptide crosslinkages. After partial separation by HPLC, the peptides are analyzed by fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry (FABMS) to determine their(More)
BACKGROUND Overuse of cranial computed tomography scans in children with blunt head trauma unnecessarily exposes them to radiation. The Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) blunt head trauma prediction rules identify children who do not require a computed tomography scan. Electronic health record (EHR) based clinical decision support(More)
Prader-Willi syndrome is characterized by dramatic hyperphagia and morbid obesity, and is associated with a deficiency in basal and meal-stimulated serum pancreatic polypeptide (PP) levels. Intravenous infusions of pancreatic polypeptide (90 min, 50 pmol/kg/h) restored normal serum PP levels, and a regimen of morning and afternoon PP infusions was found to(More)