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Chick ciliary ganglion neurons have nicotinic ACh receptors that mediate synaptic input to the cells. Ultrastructural studies with a monoclonal antibody that recognizes the neuronal ACh receptor have previously shown that, in addition to a predominantly synaptic location for the receptors on the neuron surface in vivo, substantial amounts of intracellular(More)
Using digitally analyzed fluorescence videomicroscopy, we have examined the behavior of acetylcholine receptors and concanavalin A binding sites in response to externally applied electric fields. The distributions of these molecules on cultured Xenopus myoballs were used to test a simple model which assumes that electrophoresis and diffusion are the only(More)
Antisera to a putative acetylcholine receptor purified from chick brain specifically inhibit the acetylcholine response of chick ciliary ganglion neurons in cell culture. The putative brain receptor and a similar membrane component previously identified on ciliary ganglion neurons appear to be functional nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in the nervous(More)
Chick ciliary ganglion neurons have previously been shown to contain a component that shares an antigenic determinant with the "main immunogenic region" of the alpha-subunit in nicotinic acetylcholine receptor from skeletal muscle and electric organ. Ultrastructural studies of antibody binding in the ganglion have shown that the cross-reacting antigen(More)
Acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) accumulate at developing neuromuscular junctions in part via lateral migration of diffusely expressed receptors. Using a model system--cultured Xenopus muscle cells exposed to electric fields--we have shown that AChRs, concentrated at the cathode-facing cell pole, continue to aggregate there after the field is terminated(More)
Acetylcholine receptors become clustered at the neuromuscular junction during synaptogenesis, at least in part via lateral migration of diffusely expressed receptors. We have shown previously that electric fields initiate a specific receptor clustering event which is dependent on lateral migration in aneural muscle cell cultures (Stollberg, J., and S. E.(More)
When their sense of personal control is threatened people try to restore perceived control through the social self. We propose that it is the perceived agency of ingroups that provides the self with a sense of control. In three experiments, we for the first time tested the hypothesis that threat to personal control increases the attractiveness of being part(More)
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