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To unravel the normal vasculature transcriptome and determine how it is altered by neighboring malignant cells, we compared gene expression patterns of endothelial cells derived from the blood vessels of eight normal resting tissues, five tumors, and regenerating liver. Organ-specific endothelial genes were readily identified, including 27 from brain. We(More)
Every organ in the body requires blood vessels for efficient delivery of oxygen and nutrients, but independent vascular beds are highly specialized to meet the individual needs of specific organs. The vasculature of the brain is tightly sealed, with blood-brain barrier (BBB) properties developing coincident with neural vascularization. G protein-coupled(More)
Antiangiogenic agents that block vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling are important components of current cancer treatment modalities but are limited by alternative ill-defined angiogenesis mechanisms that allow persistent tumor vascularization in the face of continued VEGF pathway blockade. We identified prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) as a soluble(More)
Efficient delivery of compounds and macromolecules into living cells is essential in many fields including basic research, applied drug discovery, and clinical gene therapy. Unfortunately, current delivery methods, such as cationic lipids and electroporation, are limited by the types of macromolecules and cells that can be employed, poor efficiency, and/or(More)
The physicochemical properties of nuclear and cytosolic glucocorticoid-binding components from corticoid-sensitive (CS) and corticoid-resistant (CR) mouse lymphoma P1798 cells have been compared. Nuclei or cytosol fractions were prepared from lymphocytes that had been labeled at 37 or 4 degrees, respectively, with 30 nM [3H]triamcinolone acetonide ([3H]TA).(More)
We have compared the DNA-cellulose-binding properties of cytosolic [3H]tnamcinolone acetonide ([3H]TA)-receptor com plexes from the corticoid-sensitive (CS) and corticoid-resistant (CR) strains of mouse lymphoma P1 798. About 50% of heat-activated 61-A (Stokes radius) CS complexes and close to 60% of heat-activated 28-Â (Stokes radius) CR complexes bound(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor/hepatopoietin A is a mitogen for primary hepatocytes and may mediate regeneration after liver damage. To date, the activity of this novel factor has been restricted to hepatocytes. We now show that the factor is also a mitogen for a number of primary epithelial cells but is inactive with human foreskin fibroblasts, human endothelial(More)
Events preceeding the cortisol inhibition of uridine utilization by corticoid-sensitive P1798 lymphocytes have been investigated. When tumor cells were incubated with 1 muM cortisol for 15 min and then washed free of steroid and reincubated in the absence of hormone, the expected decrease of uridine uptake failed to appear 1.5 hr later. In contrast, the(More)
Lungs of adult rats exposed to 85% oxygen undergo extensive cellular reorganization; therefore, to investigate changes in lipid metabolism the initial enzymes of glycerolipid and sphingolipid synthesis were measured in lung microsomes. After 1 week of O2 treatment, the specific activity of the glycerol 3-phosphate acyltransferase increased to nearly twice(More)
Tumor endothelial marker 8 (TEM8) is an integrin-like cell surface protein upregulated on tumor blood vessels and a potential vascular target for cancer therapy. Here, we found that the ability of an anti-TEM8 antibody, clone SB5, to recognize the extracellular domain of TEM8 on the cell surface depends on other host-cell factors. By taking advantage of(More)