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The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed on many solid tumors and represents an attractive target for antibody therapy. Here, we describe the effect of receptor-mediated antibody internalization on the pharmacokinetics and dose-effect relationship of a therapeutic monoclonal antibody (mAb) against EGFR (2F8). This mAb was previously(More)
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin characterized by epidermal hyperplasia, dermal angiogenesis, infiltration of activated T cells, and increased cytokine levels. One of these cytokines, IL-15, triggers inflammatory cell recruitment, angiogenesis, and production of other inflammatory cytokines, including IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, and IL-17,(More)
Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) antibodies have been known for some time to be functionally monovalent. Recently, the structural basis for this monovalency has been elucidated: the in vivo exchange of IgG half-molecules (one H-plus one L-chain) among IgG4. This process results in bispecific antibodies that in most situations will behave as functionally monovalent(More)
Two humanized IgG4 antibodies, natalizumab and gemtuzumab, are approved for human use, and several others, like TGN1412, are or have been in clinical development. Although IgG4 antibodies can dynamically exchange half-molecules, Fab-arm exchange with therapeutic antibodies has not been demonstrated in humans. Here, we show that natalizumab exchanges Fab(More)
Antibodies play a central role in immunity by forming an interface with the innate immune system and, typically, mediate proinflammatory activity. We describe a novel posttranslational modification that leads to anti-inflammatory activity of antibodies of immunoglobulin G, isotype 4 (IgG4). IgG4 antibodies are dynamic molecules that exchange Fab arms by(More)
A distinctive feature of human IgG4 is its ability to recombine half molecules (H chain and attached L chain) through a dynamic process termed Fab-arm exchange, which results in bispecific Abs. It is becoming evident that the process of Fab-arm exchange is conserved in several mammalian species, and thereby represents a mechanism that impacts humoral(More)
Most therapeutic antibodies currently used in the clinic are based on the human IgG1 format, which is a bivalent molecule that efficiently interacts with the immune system's effector functions. In clinical applications where binding to the target alone is sufficient for therapeutic efficacy; however, engagement of the immune system is not required and may(More)
Complement is recognized as a key player in a wide range of normal as well as disease-related immune, developmental and homeostatic processes. Knowledge of complement components, structures, interactions, and cross-talk with other biological systems continues to grow and this leads to novel treatments for cancer, infectious, autoimmune- or age-related(More)
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease caused by antibodies mainly directed to the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) of the neuromuscular junction. Induction of antigenic modulation and complement activation by such autoantibodies leads to ultrastructural damage of the postsynaptic membrane and loss of AChR and associated proteins. Reduction of(More)
The promise of bispecific antibodies (bsAbs) to yield more effective therapeutics is well recognized; however, the generation of bsAbs in a practical and cost-effective manner has been a formidable challenge. Here we present a technology for the efficient generation of bsAbs with normal IgG structures that is amenable to both antibody drug discovery and(More)