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The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed on many solid tumors and represents an attractive target for antibody therapy. Here, we describe the effect of receptor-mediated antibody internalization on the pharmacokinetics and dose-effect relationship of a therapeutic monoclonal antibody (mAb) against EGFR (2F8). This mAb was previously(More)
The elicitation of contact sensitivity (CS) to local skin challenge with the hapten trinitrophenyl (TNP) chloride requires an early process that is necessary for local recruitment of CS-effector T cells. This is called CS initiation and is due to the B-1 subset of B cells activated at immunization to produce circulating IgM Ab. At challenge, the IgM binds(More)
Antibodies play a central role in immunity by forming an interface with the innate immune system and, typically, mediate proinflammatory activity. We describe a novel posttranslational modification that leads to anti-inflammatory activity of antibodies of immunoglobulin G, isotype 4 (IgG4). IgG4 antibodies are dynamic molecules that exchange Fab arms by(More)
Complement activation by antibodies bound to pathogens, tumors, and self antigens is a critical feature of natural immune defense, a number of disease processes, and immunotherapies. How antibodies activate the complement cascade, however, is poorly understood. We found that specific noncovalent interactions between Fc segments of immunoglobulin G (IgG)(More)
Antibody engineering is increasingly being used to influence the properties of monoclonal antibodies to improve their biotherapeutic potential. One important aspect of this is the modulation of glycosylation as a strategy to improve efficacy. Here, we describe mutations of Y407 in the CH3 domain of IgG1 and IgG4 that significantly increase sialylation,(More)
The manufacturing of bispecific antibodies can be challenging for a variety of reasons. For example, protein expression problems, stability issues, or the use of non-standard approaches for manufacturing can result in poor yield or poor facility fit. In this paper, we demonstrate the use of standard antibody platforms for large-scale manufacturing of(More)
IgG antibodies can organize into ordered hexamers on cell surfaces after binding their antigen. These hexamers bind the first component of complement C1 inducing complement-dependent target cell killing. Here, we translated this natural concept into a novel technology platform (HexaBody technology) for therapeutic antibody potentiation. We identified(More)
Here, we describe a fast, easy-to-use, and sensitive method to profile in-depth structural micro-heterogeneity, including intricate N-glycosylation profiles, of monoclonal antibodies at the native intact protein level by means of mass spectrometry using a recently introduced modified Orbitrap Exactive Plus mass spectrometer. We demonstrate the versatility(More)
A new non-invasive method for the in vivo measurement of the mechanical behaviour of the different skin layers has been developed. A small tensile device, that can perform both tension and shear tests, and a Confocal Scanning Laser Microscope (CSLM) were combined to measure the deformations of the different skin layers up to a depth of 150 µm. The 2D(More)