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The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed on many solid tumors and represents an attractive target for antibody therapy. Here, we describe the effect of receptor-mediated antibody internalization on the pharmacokinetics and dose-effect relationship of a therapeutic monoclonal antibody (mAb) against EGFR (2F8). This mAb was previously(More)
Despite its well-known association with IgE-mediated allergy, IgG4 antibodies still have several poorly understood characteristics. IgG4 is a very dynamic antibody: the antibody is involved in a continuous process of half-molecules (i.e. a heavy and attached light-chain) exchange. This process, also referred to as 'Fab-arm exchange', results usually in(More)
Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) antibodies have been known for some time to be functionally monovalent. Recently, the structural basis for this monovalency has been elucidated: the in vivo exchange of IgG half-molecules (one H-plus one L-chain) among IgG4. This process results in bispecific antibodies that in most situations will behave as functionally monovalent(More)
Antibodies play a central role in immunity by forming an interface with the innate immune system and, typically, mediate proinflammatory activity. We describe a novel posttranslational modification that leads to anti-inflammatory activity of antibodies of immunoglobulin G, isotype 4 (IgG4). IgG4 antibodies are dynamic molecules that exchange Fab arms by(More)
Complement activation by antibodies bound to pathogens, tumors, and self antigens is a critical feature of natural immune defense, a number of disease processes, and immunotherapies. How antibodies activate the complement cascade, however, is poorly understood. We found that specific noncovalent interactions between Fc segments of immunoglobulin G (IgG)(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) overexpression is common in a large number of solid tumors and represents a negative prognostic indicator. Overexpression of EGF-R is strongly tumor associated, and this tyrosine kinase type receptor is considered an attractive target for Ab therapy. In this study, we describe the evaluation of mAb 2F8, a high(More)
Zanolimumab is a human IgG1 antibody against CD4, which is in clinical development for the treatment of cutaneous and nodal T-cell lymphomas. Here, we report on its mechanisms of action. Zanolimumab was found to inhibit CD4+ T cells by combining signaling inhibition with the induction of Fc-dependent effector mechanisms. First, T-cell receptor (TCR) signal(More)
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin characterized by epidermal hyperplasia, dermal angiogenesis, infiltration of activated T cells, and increased cytokine levels. One of these cytokines, IL-15, triggers inflammatory cell recruitment, angiogenesis, and production of other inflammatory cytokines, including IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, and IL-17,(More)
Two humanized IgG4 antibodies, natalizumab and gemtuzumab, are approved for human use, and several others, like TGN1412, are or have been in clinical development. Although IgG4 antibodies can dynamically exchange half-molecules, Fab-arm exchange with therapeutic antibodies has not been demonstrated in humans. Here, we show that natalizumab exchanges Fab(More)
A distinctive feature of human IgG4 is its ability to recombine half molecules (H chain and attached L chain) through a dynamic process termed Fab-arm exchange, which results in bispecific Abs. It is becoming evident that the process of Fab-arm exchange is conserved in several mammalian species, and thereby represents a mechanism that impacts humoral(More)