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OBJECTIVE To examine the association between duration and type of screen time (TV, video games, computer time) and blood pressure (BP) and lipids in overweight and obese adolescents. DESIGN This is a cross-sectional study of 282 overweight or obese adolescents aged 14-18 years (86 males, 196 females) assessed at baseline prior to beginning a lifestyle(More)
IMPORTANCE Little evidence exists on which exercise modality is optimal for obese adolescents. OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of aerobic training, resistance training, and combined training on percentage body fat in overweight and obese adolescents. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Randomized, parallel-group clinical trial at community-based(More)
In utero hyperglycemia has been associated with insulin resistance (IR) in children; however, there are limited data in low-risk populations. The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of metabolic markers of IR in a primarily Caucasian cohort of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) offspring aged 7-11 yr (mean 9.1) and to correlate offspring(More)
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES Diabetes mellitus is a growing health and economic burden. Identification of patients with unrecognized diabetes, or those at high risk for diabetes, provides an opportunity for timely intervention. This study assessed the accuracy of using electronic health care data to identify patients with undiagnosed diabetes. METHODS(More)
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is gaining in importance as a predictor of future health risks for women and their offspring. In women, it is associated with increased long-term risks of diabetes, metabolic syndrome and increased cardiovascular disorders. For offspring of mothers with GDM, risks of GDM include abnormal glucose tolerance, obesity and(More)
OBJECTIVE In type 1 diabetes, small studies have found that resistance exercise (weight lifting) reduces HbA(1c). In the current study, we examined the acute impacts of resistance exercise on glycemia during exercise and in the subsequent 24 h compared with aerobic exercise and no exercise. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Twelve physically active individuals(More)
AIMS To describe the prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance and obesity in offspring of mothers whose pregnancies were complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a low-risk population and to investigate the effect on these outcomes of minimal intervention compared with tight control for management of GDM. METHODS Eighty-nine children (mean(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of exercise order on acute glycemic responses in individuals with type 1 diabetes performing both aerobic and resistance exercise in the same session. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Twelve physically active individuals with type 1 diabetes (HbA(1c) 7.1 ± 1.0%) performed aerobic exercise (45 min of running at 60%(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the maternal and neonatal outcomes arising from the use of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) or unfractionated heparin (UFH) in the treatment of acute venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective review of the charts of all women treated for acute VTE in pregnancy at the Ottawa Hospital from January 1990(More)
INTRODUCTION During regular care, women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) rarely receive the recommended screening test for type 2 diabetes, a 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), in the postpartum period. The current study examined whether the implementation of a reminder system improved screening rates. METHODS Based on our(More)