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Neurotrophic interactions occur in Drosophila, but to date, no neurotrophic factor had been found. Neurotrophins are the main vertebrate secreted signalling molecules that link nervous system structure and function: they regulate neuronal survival, targeting, synaptic plasticity, memory and cognition. We have identified a neurotrophic factor in flies,(More)
Neurotrophin receptors corresponding to vertebrate Trk, p75(NTR) or Sortilin have not been identified in Drosophila, thus it is unknown how neurotrophism may be implemented in insects. Two Drosophila neurotrophins, DNT1 and DNT2, have nervous system functions, but their receptors are unknown. The Toll receptor superfamily has ancient evolutionary origins(More)
Organisms are structurally robust, as cells accommodate changes preserving structural integrity and function. The molecular mechanisms underlying structural robustness and plasticity are poorly understood, but can be investigated by probing how cells respond to injury. Injury to the CNS induces proliferation of enwrapping glia, leading to axonal(More)
A fatal case associated with severe hyperammonaemia is described in which no urea cycle enzyme deficiency could be found. This prompted further investigation of blood ammonia levels in neonates admitted to the premature baby unit at Hammersmith Hospital. 102 specimens were taken from 42 babies within the first 3 weeks of life; the babies had a variety of(More)
In pursuit of novel steroid sulfatase (STS) inhibitors devoid of estrogenicity, several D-ring modified steroid derivatives were synthesised. In vitro evaluation of the compounds identified two highly potent inhibitors, 4a and 4b, which were 18 times more active than estrone-3-O-sulfamate (EMATE), both having IC(50) values of ca. 1nM. These(More)