Janine A. Danks

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With our increasing ability for generating whole-genome sequences, comparative analysis of whole genomes has become a powerful tool for understanding the structure, function, and evolutionary history of human and other vertebrate genomes. By virtue of their position basal to bony vertebrates, cartilaginous fishes (class Chondrichthyes) are a valuable(More)
The mutant mouse waved-2 (wa-2) is strikingly similar to transforming growth factor alpha-deficient mice generated by gene targeting in embryonic stem cells. We confirm that wa-2 is a point mutation (T-->G resulting in a valine-->glycine substitution at residue 743) in the gene encoding the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor. wa-2 fibroblastic cells(More)
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) has recently been identified in 60% of a series of primary breast cancers. The detection of a bone-resorbing factor in tumors with a propensity to metastasize to bone prompted study of PTHrP in breast cancer metastasis. PTHrP was localized by immunohistology in 12 of 13 (92%) breast cancer metastases in bone and(More)
A parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) has recently been isolated from tumors associated with hypercalcemia. In the present study, we tested the effects of neutralizing antisera to the PTHrP on serum calcium and urine cAMP in two animal models of malignancy-associated hypercalcemia. The animal models consisted of (a) a human squamous cell lung cancer(More)
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) has been identified immunohistochemically in 60% of breast carcinoma and in 92% of breast cancer metastases in bone. To establish whether the localization of the PTHrP antigen reflects protein synthesis and also to investigate the role of PTHrP in metastatic disease, as part of an ongoing study, we used in situ(More)
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) is known to be a causative factor in humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy. A polyclonal rabbit antiserum directed against the amino-terminal region of the protein and immunoperoxidase methods have been used to locate the presence of PTHrP in a series of 102 consecutive invasive breast tumors removed surgically from(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that chronic administration of morphine up-regulated the lower affinity binding site for [3H][D-ala2,D-leu5]enkephalin, without producing a detectable alteration in the higher affinity binding site for [3H][D-ala2,D-leu5]enkephalin (Rothman et al., Eur. J. Pharmac. 124: 113-119, 1986). The experiments reported in this(More)
It is widely accepted that the prototypic delta agonist DADL (D-ala2-D-leu5-enkephalin) labels two binding sites in vitro. Using the site directed, receptor selective alkylating agents, BIT and FIT (Rice et al.. Science 220:314-316, 1983), we recently described (Rothman et al, Neuropeptides, in press) the preparation of membranes possessing only lower(More)
Tissues from a range of fish were examined for the presence of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) to investigate PTHrP protein distribution and PTHrP gene expression in jawless fish, cartilaginous fish, and bony fish. Immunoreactive PTHrP was localized using antisera to N-terminal and mid-molecule regions of human PTHrP and PTHrP gene expression(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Pharmacokinetic studies in patients with cirrhosis have shown a decreased clearance of drugs metabolized by cytochrome P450, whereas drugs metabolized by glucuronidation frequently have a normal elimination. The mechanism for the apparent preservation of glucuronidation has not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to examine the(More)