Janina Steck

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Transcranial Doppler systems have not been available for monitoring of cerebral blood flow velocities in neonates because of potential hazardous effects of energy output from standard instruments developed for adult application. Aim of the study was to test commercially available transcranial Doppler instruments for their applicabiltiy in neonates and to(More)
The efficacy and safety of esmolol, a short-acting intravenous beta-adrenergic-blocking agent, and placebo were compared in patients with supraventricular tachyarrhythmias (heart rate greater than 120 bpm) in a multicenter, double-blind, partial-crossover study. Seventy-one patients were randomized to receive either esmolol (n = 36) or placebo (n = 35) as(More)
In a single-blind, placebo-controlled study, esmolol was administered intravenously to 12 patients with chronic atrial fibrillation. Esmolol produced a significant dose-dependent decrease in the ventricular rate without conversion to normal sinus rhythm in any of the patients. For most patients, a correlation was observed between the blood levels of esmolol(More)
The electrophysiologic characteristics of esmolol were studied in 14 patients. Ten men and 4 women, mean age 57 years, were electrophysiologically evaluated at baseline, and also at 4 to 8 minutes after the administration of a maintenance infusion of esmolol. Plasma samples for esmolol blood levels were drawn at 10 minutes of the maintenance infusion, at(More)
Sixteen subjects scheduled for surgical procedures under general anesthesia participated in an investigation of the effects of esmolol on the transient hypertension and tachycardia that was observed during endotracheal intubation and on the duration of succinylcholine-induced neuromuscular blockade. In eight subjects, infusion of esmolol was begun five(More)
In a double-blind, randomized, crossover study in ten patients with asthma, the effects on specific airway resistance of esmolol, a new ultra-short-acting beta 1-selective adrenoceptor blocker, were compared with those of placebo. Specific airway resistance was measured during increasing doses of esmolol infusion, during dry air provocation tests, and(More)
The low frequency cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) oscillations in neonates are commonly attributed to an under-dampened immature linear type cerebral autoregulation, and the 'instability' is regarded as causative for peri-intraventricular haemorrhage/periventricular leukomalacia. In contrast, oscillations susceptible to frequency entrainment are a(More)
PURPOSE To characterize concurrent retinal vessel pathologies reminiscent to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a rat model of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), in order to identify uniform damage pathways in both organs, the eye and the brain. METHODS Ischemia was induced in Long Evans rat pups on postnatal day 6 (P6) with unilateral (left side)(More)
This double-blind, randomized, crossover study examined the effects of intravenous infusion of esmolol (a new ultra-short-acting beta-receptor blocking agent) and propranolol on cardiovascular performance at rest and during peak upright exercise in 15 patients. Biventricular function was assessed by means of first-pass radionuclide ventriculography with a(More)
In preterm neonates, the risk for intracerebral haemorrhage is linked to immaturity of cerebral autoregulation. The preterm's 2–5/min cyclic variation pattern of cerebral blood flow velocity is thought to reflect the degree of immaturity of autoregulation — a speculation to be tested. In a cross-sectional study 15 infants (gestational age 26–40 weeks,(More)