Learn More
BACKGROUND The functional status of a cell is expressed in its metabolic activity. We have applied stable isotope tracing methods to determine the differences in metabolic pathways in proliferating Rhabdomysarcoma cells (Rh30) and human primary myocytes in culture. Uniformly 13C-labeled glucose was used as a source molecule to follow the incorporation of(More)
Complement cascade (CC) becomes activated and its cleavage fragments play a crucial role in the mobilization of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs). Here, we sought to determine which major chemottractant present in peripheral blood (PB) is responsible for the egress of HSPCs from the BM. We noticed that normal and mobilized plasma strongly(More)
Recently, we identified in adult tissues a population of Oct4(+)SSEA-1(+)Sca-1(+)lin(-)CD45(-) very small embryonic-like stem cells (VSELs). First, to address recent controversies on Oct4 expression in cells isolated from adult organs, we show here evidence that Oct4 promoter in bone marrow (BM)-derived VSELs has an open chromatin structure and is actively(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to assess of the mobilization of nonhematopoietic very small embryonic-like stem cells (VSELs) in acute myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND Acute MI induces mobilization of bone marrow stem cells. Recently, a rare population of VSELs, expressing markers of embryonic pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), was identified in adult(More)
Complement has recently been implicated in developmental pathways and noninflammatory processes. The expression of various complement components and receptors has been shown in a wide range of circulating myeloid and lymphoid cells, but their role in normal hematopoiesis and stem cell homing has not yet been investigated. We report that normal human CD34(+)(More)
Recently, we purified rare CXC chemokine receptor 4 expressing (CXCR4(+)) small stem cells (SCs) from the murine bone marrow (BM) that express markers characteristic for embryonic (E)SCs, epiblast (EP)SCs, and primordial germ cells (PGCs). We named these primitive cells very small embryonic-like (VSEL) SCs (VSELs). Our data indicate that VSELs are also(More)
We reported that complement cascade (CC) becomes activated in bone marrow (BM) during granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilization of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) and demonstrated that while the third CC component (C3)-deficient mice are easy mobilizers, the fifth CC component (C5)-deficient mice mobilize very poorly. To explain(More)
The mechanisms regulating the homing/mobilization of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) are not fully understood. In our previous studies we showed that the complement C3 activation peptide, C3a, sensitizes responses of HSPCs to stromal-derived factor 1 (SDF-1). In this study, mobilization was induced with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor(More)
We have observed that conditioning for hematopoietic transplantation by lethal irradiation induces a proteolytic microenvironment in the bone marrow (BM) that activates the complement cascade (CC). As a result, BM is enriched for proteolytic enzymes and the soluble form of the terminal product of CC activation, the membrane attack complex C5b-C9 (MAC). At(More)
This review summarizes information regarding the rare population of very small embryonic-like stem cells (VSELs) that has been identified in adult tissues, emphasizing both their unique morphological features and potential biological significance. We focus on their pluripotent nature and expression of markers characteristic for embryonic stem cells (ESCs),(More)