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BACKGROUND A higher socio-economic level is associated with healthier dietary habits. Nevertheless, socio-economic differences in the intake of fat have not consistently been reported in Europe. The objective of our study was to systematically assess differences in total fat (TF) intake and saturated fat (SF) intake across social groups. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to analyse the pattern of sociodemographic variations in the prevalence of obesity in Estonia, Finland and Lithuania. In addition, the association between obesity and selected health behaviours was examined. METHODS Cross-sectional surveys were conducted among representative national samples of adult populations in(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the relatively low recorded alcohol consumption level, the Baltic countries (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) and neighbouring Finland suffer from similar harmful consequences related to the use of alcoholic beverages, including socio-economic inequalities in alcohol related mortality. Comparative evidence is needed to understand harmful(More)
BACKGROUND Apolipoprotein E (APOE) polymorphism is associated with lipid levels. Some studies have reported that blood lipid response to diet or obesity varies depending on APOE genotypes. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of APOE genotypes, the intake of saturated fatty acids (SFA), and obesity on serum lipid levels in Lithuanian adult(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to identify population groups which are the most crucial as targets for anti-tobacco action. METHODS A comparison was made of the prevalence and patterns of smoking and passive smoking in Estonia, Finland and Lithuania. RESULTS Total exposure to smoking, both one's own and passive smoking, was more common in two(More)
BACKGROUND Despite low rates of obesity, many university students perceive themselves as overweight, especially women. This is of concern, because inappropriate weight perceptions can lead to unhealthy behaviours including eating disorders. METHODS We used the database from the Cross National Student Health Survey (CNSHS), consisting of 5,900 records of(More)
The aim of the study is to estimate the trends in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Lithuanian adult population and to examine the association of social and health behavior factors with overweight and obesity. Since 1994 five cross-sectional surveys have been conducted among adult population aged 20-64 within the international FINBALT HEALTH(More)
BACKGROUND Women's diets are healthier than men's. Finnish women eat more fruits and vegetables but less meat than men. Gender differences may be larger in the Baltic countries, which represent Eastern European transition societies than in Finland, a society characterized by the Scandinavian welfare ideology and a high degree of gender equality. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this research was to assess the prevalence of somatic and psychosomatic health complaints in a cross-national population of university students and to study risk factors associated with health complaints. METHODS The analysis was based on samples of first-year students from Pamplona (Spain), Bielefeld (Germany), and Kaunas(More)