Janie Coulombe

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Sarcosinemia has been detected by routine screening of urine for metabolic and transport disorders in Massachusetts. Three infants who had sarcosinemia were detected through the neonatal urine specimen, an observed incidence of 1:350,000. A fourth child had sarcosinemia detected through family screening after his brother was found to have Hartnup disease by(More)
BACKGROUND The widespread use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) for COPD treatment has been questioned. Recent studies of weaning some patients with COPD off ICSs found little or no adverse consequences compared with long-acting bronchodilators. It is unclear, however, whether discontinuation of ICSs reduces the elevated risk of pneumonia associated with(More)
We describe a prospective study of histidinaemia. Probands and siblings (n = 21) with typical histidinaemia in 16 families were ascertained by newborn screening; diagnosis was confirmed by appropriate investigations in each subject; none had been treated by low histidine diet. The median age of subjects with histidinaemia was 9.5 y (mean 10.0, SD 3.5, range(More)
Screening neonates for methylmalonic aciduria is part of routine screening for metabolic disorders in Massachusetts. The process of urine collection by the parent and transmitted to the central screening laboratory was described in a previous publication (Pediatrics 49: 825, 1972). The primary objective of screening for methylmalonic aciduria is to detect(More)
Newborn blood from three siblings with prolidase deficiency contained no detectable prolidase activity. Umbilical cord blood contained no prolidase activity in one sibling and only 6.8% of control activity in another sibling. In prolidase deficiency the enzyme defect is expressed at birth, well before the appearance of skin ulcers, and is demonstrable in(More)
The use of oral and inhaled corticosteroids is associated with increases in the risk of infection, especially pneumonia. The risk of sepsis with corticosteroid treatment in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been little studied, however. We assessed whether the use of inhaled and oral corticosteroids in COPD is associated with an(More)
BACKGROUND Recent trends in vitamin K antagonists (VKA) use in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) are useful to evaluate the potential improvement in management of NVAF since the introduction of new oral anticoagulants. Our objective was therefore to describe the contemporary VKA treatment patterns following NVAF diagnosis. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
Methylmalonic aciduria and Hartnup disorder are two rare autosomal recessively inherited metabolic disorders. We have described the coexistence of these disorders within the same pedigree in two unrelated families. This association was not found in 57 other families surveyed because of a proband known to have either methylmalonic aciduria or Hartnup(More)
Aims In patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF), it is uncertain whether the higher risk of ischaemic stroke in women reported in some studies is due to residual confounding. We assessed this association using standard time-fixed and more accurate time-dependent adjustment for confounders. Methods and results Using the computerized databases(More)