Janick Madoux

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OBJECTIVES To assess the frequency and diversity of extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) in the Champagne-Ardenne region France, and to identify genetic elements associated with the bla(CTX-M) genes. METHODS During 2004, all the non-duplicate isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii resistant to ceftazidime and of(More)
We assessed the prevalence and phenotypic characteristics of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producers among 365 clinical isolates of members of the family Enterobacteriaceae recovered from two hospitals in Béjaia, Algeria, between March 2004 and April 2005. Twenty-one strains were resistant to cefotaxime and/or ceftazidime. A double-disk synergy test(More)
For detecting extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae in the hospital environment, sedimentation plates were placed in the rooms of two hospitals. Three environmental isolates, two Klebsiella pneumoniae, and one Escherichia coli resistant to extended-spectrum cephalosporins with a phenotype indicating CTX-M enzymes production(More)
qnrD is a plasmid mediated quinolone resistance gene from unknown origin, recently described in Enterobacteriaceae. It encodes a pentapeptide repeat protein 36-60% different from the other Qnr (A, B, C, S and VC). Since most qnrD-positive strains were described as strains belonging to Proteus or Providencia genera, we hypothesized that qnrD originated in(More)
Two isolates of Enterobacter cloacae and 1 isolate of Acinetobacter baumannii showing a multidrug resistance phenotype including resistance to beta-lactams and fluoroquinolones were included in this study. By polymerase chain reaction amplification and sequencing, the 2 isolates of E. cloacae were found to produce QnrB and the A. baumannii isolate was found(More)
In 2004, Weil et al. reported the presence of CTX-M-15 in Salmonella enterica (10), and recently Ruppé et al. reported the carriage of CTX-M-15-producing isolates in children in a remote village in Senegal (8). However, since the report of SHV-type enzymes in Nigeria (1), no survey has been performed on extended-spectrum -lactamase (ESBL) producers in West(More)
ComPath is a European monitoring programme dedicated to the collection of bacterial pathogens from diseased dogs and cats to determine their antibiotic susceptibility. The objective was to characterize genetic determinants associated with quinolone resistance among 69 enrofloxacin non-wild type strains selected among 604 non-duplicate Enterobacteriaceae(More)
Fluoroquinolone (FQ) agents are a potential resort to treat infection due to Enterobacteriaceae producing extended spectrum β-lactamase and susceptible to FQ. In a context of increase of non-susceptibility to carbapenems among Enterobacteriaceae, we characterized FQ resistance mechanisms in 75 Enterobacter cloacae isolates non-susceptible to ertapenem in(More)
We previously described a pyrosequencing-based method able to guarantee detection of aac(6')-Ib-cr by characterizing precisely the single nucleotide polymorphisms leading to Trp102Arg and Asp179Tyr. By gaining in simplicity and cost-effectiveness, through the use of real-time PCR, we propose here a cutting-edge evolution of our existing pyrosequencing(More)