Janice Weatherspoon

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Presentation of a nonstartling stimulus (prepulse) 100 msec before a startle-eliciting auditory stimulus (pulse) reduces startle reflex amplitude in mammals. Prepulse inhibition of acoustic startle reflex is smaller in schizophrenics than in nonschizophrenics, a phenomenon that has been hypothesized to reflect sensorimotor gating deficits underlying(More)
The role of sigma (sigma) receptors in brain function is poorly defined. They are located in limbic areas, including nucleus accumbens (NAC) and prefrontal cortex (PFC), both of which are thought to be involved in schizophrenia. Many antipsychotics (APs), including haloperidol, bind with high affinity to sigma receptors. Dopaminergic hyperactivity in NAC is(More)
Conventional polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) dialysis grafts cannot be cannulated for 2-3 weeks following their creation. Polyurethane grafts, made of a self-sealing material, can be cannulated within 24 hours of implantation, representing a potential advantage in patients with limited catheter options. However, early cannulation may increase the risk of(More)
The binding profile of the sigma2 receptor ligand endo-N-(8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1.]oct-3-yl)-2,3-dihydro-(1-methyl)eth yl-2-oxo-1H-benzimidazole-1-carboxamidehydrochloride (BIMU-8) had previously been determined, but its agonist/antagonist status at sigma2 receptors had not been identified. We therefore investigated the effects of BIMU-8 for its ability(More)
An important regulatory mechanism of synaptic dopamine (DA) levels is activation of the dopamine transporter (DAT), which is a target for many drugs of abuse, including amphetamine (AMPH). sigma receptors are located in dopaminergic brain areas critical to reinforcement. We found previously that agonists at sigma2 receptors enhanced the AMPH-stimulated(More)
BACKGROUND Nausea and vomiting produced by sub-lethal doses of X- or gamma-rays can be ameliorated by serotonin subtype-three (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT3) receptor antagonists. The effectiveness of these anti-emetics on blocking the emetic responses induced by fission neutron or proton radiation exposure was evaluated in the ferret animal model. (More)
Dopaminergic hyperactivity in nucleus accumbens and dopaminergic hypoactivity in prefrontal cortex are thought to underlie positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia, respectively. The caudate putamen is the neuroanatomical substrate for extrapyramidal side effects resulting from chronic antipsychotic treatment. We sought to identify potential(More)
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