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Metallothioneins (MTs) are major intracellular, zinc-binding proteins with antioxidant properties. Mouse embryonic cells null for MT due to loss of functional MT I and II genes (MT-/-) were more susceptible to apoptotic death after exposure to tert-butyl hydroperoxide or the anti-cancer agents cytosine arabinoside, bleomycin, melphalan, and(More)
Tumor endothelium is critical for solid tumor growth and is a potential site for anticancer drug action. Within 2 h, etoposide caused marked DNA strand breakage in xenograft tumor-derived endothelial cells (TDECs). Etoposide-induced DNA breakage was inhibited by culturing TDECs on gelatin, type IV collagen, laminin, fibronectin, and the integrin ligand(More)
Higher order DNA fragmentation may be an essential signal in apoptosis. We found that etoposide (VP-16) induced apoptosis in human DU-145 prostatic carcinoma cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Chromatin condensation was morphologically evident only when cells detached from the monolayer; untreated or VP-16-treated attached cells retained a(More)
Tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases) dephosphorylate phosphotyrosines while dual-specificity phosphatases (DSPases) dephosphorylate contiguous and semicontiguous phosphothreonine and phosphotyrosine on cyclin dependent kinases and mitogen-activated protein kinases. Consequently, PTPases and DSPases have a central role controlling signal transduction and cell(More)
Etoposide (VP-16) is one of several DNA-damaging agents that induce subcellular structural changes associated with apoptosis. VP-16 exerts its DNA-damaging and cytotoxic effects subsequent to interference with DNA topoisomerase II activity. VP-16 also stimulates c-jun and c-fos mRNA expression in some cell lines, including human leukemia K562 and HL-60(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) causes direct pulmonary endothelial injury that can precipitate cell death. We investigated the ability of LPS to produce apoptosis in sheep pulmonary artery endothelial cells (SPAEC) grown in monolayer on plastic or collagen. When SPAEC were grown on plastic, LPS (100 ng/ml) caused internucleosomal DNA fragmentation (IDF) to 180-(More)
We recently reported that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces apoptosis in cultured sheep pulmonary artery endothelial cells (SPAEC). Information about survival signals against this and other stimuli for endothelial cell apoptosis is limited to factors in the extracellular space. In other cell types, apoptosis is also affected by intracellular gene products.(More)
TCRBV CDR3 repertoire diversity was analyzed in a cross-sectional study of HIV-infected individuals by CDR3 fingerprinting/spectratyping and single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP). Most TCRBV families were detected in CD4+ cells of HIV-infected patients with CD4 counts ranging from 35 to 1103. In patients with CD4 counts >500, CD4+ TCRBV CDR3(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) has been implicated in propagating signals for apoptosis. We have investigated the effect of pharmacological modulation of PKC activity in DU-145 human androgen-independent prostatic carcinoma cells. The apoptotic death of these cells is characterized by the acquisition of classical apoptotic morphology and generation of > or = 1-mbp(More)
N4-Dipeptidyl slow-release forms of the anticancer drug ara-C were prepared by acylation of the lithiated nucleotide with 4,4-dialkyloxazolinones. An azapeptide prodrug of ara-C was obtained by condensation of an amino acid hydrazide with an activated nucleotide urea. The use of unnatural amino acid residues at N4 prevented nonspecific proteolytic cleavage(More)