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The immature stages of some parasites live in prey animals (intermediate hosts) and only reach reproductive maturity when they are eaten by final host predators. Some of these parasites alter intermediate host behavior in ways that increase the likelihood of predation (parasite transmission). Using the acanthocephalan (Moniliformis moniliformis) in the(More)
Asexual reproduction, a rare trait among cestodes in general, occurs in the "larval" (metacestode) stage of species of the family Taeniidae. The distribution of this trait among taeniid species is not consistent with an ecological hypothesis of current environmental predictability. We therefore chose a subset of the family and studied their phylogenetic(More)
Adaptation is the usual context for interpreting parasite-host interactions. For example, altered host behavior is often interpreted as a parasite adaptation, because in some cases it enhances parasite transmission. Resistance to parasites also has obvious adaptive value for hosts. However, it is difficult to evaluate the adaptive significance of(More)
Adult acanthocephalan body sizes vary interspecifically over more than two orders of magnitude; yet, despite its importance for our understanding of the coevolutionary links between hosts and parasites, this variation remains unexplained. Here, we used a comparative analysis to investigate how final adult sizes and relative increments in size following(More)
Our field study did not support anecdotal claims alleging pathogenicity on the part of P. cylindraceus in starlings. Within-clutch analysis of nestling starling weights (n = 25) over time showed that P. cylindraceus had no effect on position in clutch relative to siblings. Parasitized nestlings tended to weigh more than control siblings. Within-sex analysis(More)
  • J Moore
  • 1993
Biting fly behavior involved in parasite transmission is reviewed. Except for the areas of activity and probing, few investigations have addressed ways in which parasites might alter vector behavior. Given the manner in which parasites alter behavior in other arthropods (e.g., habitat choice, color preference), it is reasonable to expect infected(More)
Behavioural fever, defined as an acute change in thermal preference driven by pathogen recognition, has been reported in a variety of invertebrates and ectothermic vertebrates. It has been suggested, but so far not confirmed, that such changes in thermal regime favour the immune response and thus promote survival. Here, we show that zebrafish display(More)