Janice M. Rymer

Learn More
PURPOSE It is clear from previous studies that adenosine triphosphate is released as a contractile co-transmitter with acetylcholine from parasympathetic nerves supplying the mammalian bladder but the physiological significance of ligand gated purinergic P2X receptors in human bladder innervation has not been adequately investigated. We examined the role of(More)
Women have an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's Dementia (AD) compared to men. It has been postulated that this risk may be modulated by a reduction in the neuroprotective effects of estrogen on the brain in the early postmenopausal period. This view is supported by, for example, findings that ovariectomy in younger women (i.e. prior to menopause)(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The Tibolone Histology of the Endometrium and Breast Endpoints Study is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind study designed to address the conflicting reports in the literature about the endometrial safety of tibolone (1.25 or 2.5 mg/d). Tibolone was compared with continuous combined conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) plus(More)
High definition macroradiography was used to provide an image of the detailed structural organization of the cancellous bone in human lumbar vertebrae. The fractal signature analysis (FSA) method was used to quantify the horizontal and vertical trabecular organization recorded within the image. Comparison of the FSA of the posteroanterior and lateral(More)
Osteoporosis is a common disease which causes significant morbidity and mortality and in many cases may be preventable. In the absence of fragility fractures the accepted method of identifying those at high risk is based upon bone mineral density (BMD) measurements with defined cut-off points. To correctly delineate normal from abnormal, reliable reference(More)
Recent evidence suggests that loss of ovarian function following ovariectomy is a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD); however, the biological basis of this risk remains poorly understood. We carried out an fMRI study into the interaction between loss of ovarian function (after Gonadotropin Hormone Releasing Hormone agonist (GnRHa) treatment) and(More)
PURPOSE To determine the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) measurements and the initial reason for referral to a BMD screening service. MATERIALS AND METHODS Referral letters for 3,479 of the 3,530 women referred for BMD screening were classified according to the indication for screening. Mean age-matched standard deviation scores (Z scores)(More)
In an open study, self-ratings of bodily symptoms, mood (before and after stress), and cognitive performance were investigated in 25 women (aged 54-66 years) who for approximately 10 years had been taking an oral preparation of hormone replacement therapy (HRT), tibolone (Livial; 2.5 mg/ day). Tibolone has a unique profile, with estrogenic, progestogenic,(More)
OBJECTIVES To train laywomen to become professional patients in order to teach medical students speculum and bimanual examination, to assess their effectiveness in this role, and to incorporate this method of teaching into the undergraduate curriculum of a medical school in the United Kingdom. DESIGN Comparative study. SETTING Guy's, King's, and St(More)