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Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) aminopeptidase 1 (ERAP1) appears to be specialized to produce peptides presented on class I major histocompatibility complex molecules. We found that purified ERAP1 trimmed peptides that were ten residues or longer, but spared eight-residue peptides. In vivo, ERAP1 enhanced production of an eight-residue ovalbumin epitope from(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether the simultaneous measurement of tissue pH, Pco2, and Po2 with a multiple-parameter fiberoptic sensor can be used to indicate the onset of hepatic dysoxia, to determine critical values, and to assess their use in predicting negative outcomes. DESIGN Prospective animal study. SETTING University research laboratory. (More)
Mechanical coronary artery occlusion is required for minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass and off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. It is important that the method of occlusion be minimally traumatic. Chronic effects of these methods have never been studied. Temporary occlusion of coronaries utilizing suture snare, silastic loop snare, and(More)
BACKGROUND During hemorrhagic shock blood flow to vital organs is maintained by the diversion of blood from both the splanchnic organs and skeletal muscle. In this swine study, we tested the hypotheses that (1). liver and muscle pH are correlated during both shock and resuscitation and (2). muscle pH during shock is an indicator of potential liver injury(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy of the liver to simultaneously assess oxygen content in combination with tissue pH, an indicator of anaerobic metabolism. Six anesthetized swine were subjected to 45 min of hemorrhagic shock followed by resuscitation with blood and crystalloid. Calibration(More)
In this paper we start from the conjecture that a convenient organization of various technical spaces in three "metamodeling" layers offers a convenient working environment. The main message of this work is that it is possible to consider software engineering and ontology engineering as two similarly organized areas, based on different metametamodels(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to characterize a multiparameter fiber optic sensor for detection of changes in intramyocardial perfusion and to demonstrate a method of determining critical values for pH, PCO2, and PO2 to indicate onset of anaerobic metabolism. METHODS Six swine underwent a 20-minute occlusion of the left anterior descending(More)
The feasibility of using near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy in combination with partial least-squares (PLS) regression was explored to measure electrolyte concentration in whole blood samples. Spectra were collected from diluted blood samples containing randomized, clinically relevant concentrations of Na+, K+, and Ca2+. Sodium was also studied in lysed(More)
BACKGROUND In clinical practice pulmonary artery balloon counterpulsation (PABC) has been utilized only in the operative setting with the balloon housed in a graft attached to the pulmonary artery. Clearly, percutaneous insertion of a dedicated pulmonary artery balloon is a desirable goal for patients requiring temporary assist for right ventricular(More)
The authors performed a study to design and evaluate a device giving the surgeon added protection against pulmonary artery injury in a closed thoracic compartment. Eleven swine were used for a total of 12 lobectomies. A light-bearing, magnetic-tipped, modified Swan-Ganz catheter was passed through the jugular vein into the left pulmonary artery. By using(More)
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