Janice M. Burke

Learn More
Cyanobacteria possess many adaptations to develop population maxima or "blooms" in lakes and reservoirs. A potential consequence of freshwater blooms of many cyanobacterial species is the production of potent toxins, including the cyclic hepatotoxins, microcystins (MCs). Approximately 70 MC variants have been isolated. Their toxicity to humans and other(More)
Potential fecal contamination of sand in the wave-washed zone of public bathing beaches is overlooked in beach monitoring programs. Activity in this zone can bring pathogens to the sand surface or into the water, presenting a health risk to sensitive populations. On a unit weight basis (colony forming units per 100g), the mean summer abundance of the fecal(More)
Cells of the human retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) have a regular epithelial cell shape within the tissue in situ, but for reasons that remain elusive the RPE shows an incomplete and variable ability to re-develop an epithelial phenotype after propagation in vitro. In other epithelial cell cultures, formation of an adherens junction (AJ) composed of(More)
Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (BMD) is an autosomal dominant inherited macular degenerative disease caused by mutations in the gene BEST1 (formerly VMD2). Prior reports indicate that BMD is characterized histopathologically by accumulation of lipofuscin in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). However, this accumulation has not been quantified and the(More)
The emission properties of ocular lipofuscin granules isolated from human retinal pigment epithelial cells are examined by using steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy and spectrally resolved confocal microscopy. The shape of the emission spectrum of a thick sample of lipofuscin granules dried on glass varies with excitation energy. The polarization of this(More)
Like most epithelial cells that are isolated from tissues and placed in culture, the phenotype of human retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE) in vitro is more variable than for the same cells in situ. The phenotypic heterogeneity of the cultures has been attributed to varying stages of differentiation of the cells induced by the culture environment. In(More)
For most epithelial cells, the adherens junction protein E-cadherin is an epithelial morphogen, inducing the development of an epithelial phenotype in vitro after cell contact at confluency. Here retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE), which lack E-cadherin but express a cadherin that is also found in many non-epithelial cells (N-cadherin), were examined(More)
PURPOSE To compare the fluorescence properties of autofluorescent granules generated by retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells in vitro with those of the lipofuscin of RPE in vivo. METHODS Cultured human RPE cells were maintained in basal medium for as long as 1 year, fed rod outer segments (ROS) daily for as long as 56 days, fed ROS in the presence and(More)
To determine the role of major chromophores of the human retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in photooxidation of ascorbate, we monitored spectrophotometrically rates of ascorbate depletion, induced by blue light, in suspensions of human RPE melanin, melanolipofuscin and lipofuscin and in preparation of pigmented and nonpigmented bovine RPE cells. The results(More)
Culture methods to propagate glial cells from the avascular adult rabbit neural retina are described. To determine the site(s) in the retina from which the cells originated, retina fragments were retrieved from culture at intervals after explanation and processed for light microscopy to localize surviving cells. Tritiated-thymidine radioautography was used(More)