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Filamentous phage infection induces the synthesis of large amounts of an Escherichia coli protein, phage shock protein (Psp), the product of a previously undescribed gene. This induction is due to the phage gene IV protein, pIV, an integral membrane protein. The uninduced level of Psp is undetectable, but when induced by prolonged synthesis of pIV, it can(More)
Gap junctional intercellular communication is inhibited in response to tumor promoters and oncogene transformation, suggesting that loss of this function is an important step in tumor formation. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms responsible for this inhibition, we examined the expression of gap junction proteins and mRNA in mouse primary keratinocytes(More)
Loss-of-function mutations in Whn (Hfh 11), a winged-helix/forkhead transcription factor, result in the nude mouse phenotype. To determine the whn expression pattern during development, we utilized mice in which a beta-galactosidase reporter gene was placed under the control of the wild-type whn promoter by homologous recombination (M. Nehls et al., 1996,(More)
The phage shock protein (psp) operon of Escherichia coli is strongly induced in response to heat, ethanol, osmotic shock, and infection by filamentous bacteriophages. The operon contains at least four genes--pspA, pspB, pspC, and pspE--and is regulated at the transcriptional level. We report here that psp expression is controlled by a network of positive(More)
We describe a new Escherichia coli operon, the phage shock protein (psp) operon, which is induced in response to heat, ethanol, osmotic shock and infection by filamentous bacteriophages. The operon includes at least four genes: pspA, B, C and E. PspA associates with the inner membrane and has the heptad repeats characteristic of proteins that can form(More)
Nude mice are characterized by the absence of visible hair, epidermal defects, and the failure to develop a thymus. This phenotype results from loss-of-function mutations in Whn (Hfh11), a winged-helix transcription factor. In murine epidermis and hair follicles, endogenous whn expression is induced as epithelial cells initiate terminal differentiation.(More)
A treatment regimen that takes advantage of the induction of intracellular porphyrins such as protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) by exposure to exogenous 5-amino-laevulinic acid (ALA) followed by localized exposure to visible light represents a promising new approach to photodynamic therapy (PDT). Acting upon the suggestion that the effectiveness of ALA-dependent PDT(More)
Signaling pathways regulating the differentiation program of epidermal cells overlap widely with those activated during apoptosis. How differentiating cells remain protected from premature death, however, is still poorly defined. We show here that the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway is activated at early stages of mouse keratinocyte(More)
p63 is a crucial regulator of epidermal development, but its transcriptional control has remained elusive. Here, we report the identification of a long-range enhancer (p63LRE) that is composed of two evolutionary conserved modules (C38 and C40), acting in concert to control tissue- and layer-specific expression of the p63 gene. Both modules are in an open(More)