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Evidence from divergent sources suggests that some forms of interstitial pulmonary disease are associated with abnormalities of the cellular immune system. To evaluate whether cellular immune processes are necessary determinants for the development of parenchymal alveolitis and fibrosis secondary to bleomycin, we examined the effect of bleomycin on the NIH,(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive disease of lung parenchyma characterized by a chronic inflammatory cellular infiltration and varying degrees of interstitial fibrosis. Current data indicate that the severity of fibrosis and the degree of cellularity determine, in part, the prognosis of IPF and the response to therapy. Whereas lung biopsy(More)
To evaluate cellular and protein components in the lower respiratory tract of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (CHP), limited broncho-alveolar lavage was done in 58 patients (19 IPF, 7 CHP, and 32 controls). Analysis of the cells and protein in the lavage fluids from patients with IPF revealed an(More)
Seven patients with Fabry's disease, an x-linked sphingolipid storage disorder, were evaluated for the presence and extent of airway obstruction. All were found to have significant obstruction to airflow. In addition, evaluation of their airway epithelial cells obtained by bronchoscopy demonstrated that these cells contained inclusion bodies consistent with(More)
BACKGROUND Conventional epidemiologic data suggest that diabetic patients use more health care resources than nondiabetic patients, yet overall health care use by diabetic individuals has never been fully quantitated. We took a new approach to this issue based on the actual economics of the provision of health care to diabetic insured individuals. METHODS(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a fatal disorder that starts as an alveolitis and progresses to interstitial fibrosis. Correlative morphologic, physiologic, and biochemical studies in 29 patients have shown that the inflammatory process in best followed by serial bronchoalveolar lavage and 67 Ga citrate scanning, and the fibrotic process is best followed(More)
The topographic distribution, population density, and ultrastructural features of metachromatic cells (mast cells and basophilic leukocytes) were studied in lung biopsies from five control patients and 17 patients with fibrotic lung disorders. The great majority of metachromatic cells were mast cells. The average number of metachromatic cells per square(More)
Divergent observations suggest that genetic factors contribute to the susceptibility to or clinical course of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. To determine whether there is an association between the major histocompatibility (HLA) system and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, the distribution of 35 antigens of HLA loci A and B was determined among 33 white(More)