Janice E Paiker

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BACKGROUND The 4-variable Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (4-v MDRD) and Cockcroft-Gault (CG) equations are commonly used for estimating glomerular filtration rate (GFR); however, neither of these equations has been validated in an indigenous African population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of the 4-v MDRD and CG equations for(More)
Primary dysmenorrhea is characterized by painful uterine cramps, near and during menstruation, that have an impact on personal life and productivity. The effect on sleep of this recurring pain has not been established. We compared sleep, nocturnal body temperatures, and hormone profiles during the menstrual cycle of 10 young women who suffered from primary(More)
AIM To determine whether high-quality nurse-recorded auscultatory blood pressure (BP) values obtained at a single visit predict cardiovascular target organ changes as closely as ambulatory BP measurements. METHODS In a randomly selected population sample (n = 458, 21% receiving antihypertensive treatment; approximately 40% hypertensive), we compared(More)
Body temperature and sleep change in association with increased progesterone in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle in young women. The mechanism by which progesterone raises body temperature is not known but may involve prostaglandins, inducing a thermoregulatory adjustment similar to that of fever. Prostaglandins also are involved in sleep regulation(More)
BACKGROUND A previous study has demonstrated that alkaline phosphatase (AP) may play a role in the control of intracellular lipid accumulation in the rodent preadipocyte cell line, 3T3-L1. The present study investigated whether AP may have a similar function in preadipocytes isolated from human mammary gland tissue. METHODS Preadipocyte maturation was(More)
Auto-antibodies to oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) are thought to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. This study investigates the value of auto-antibodies to ox-LDL as a predictive marker of atherosclerosis in patients with both homozygous and heterozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH), who are known to suffer from(More)
AIM The relationship between waist circumference (WC) and conventional blood pressure (BP) is independent of other clinical indices of adiposity. As ambulatory BP may offer more prognostic information than conventional BP, we aimed to identify whether indices of central adiposity are associated with ambulatory BP independent of other indices of adiposity.(More)
Point-of-care (POC) blood testing is intended to provide results more rapidly than can be obtained from a central laboratory. Precision and accuracy of the CardioChek PA and Cholestech LDX analysers were compared to clinical diagnostic laboratory methods. In 100 patients, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) and LDL(More)
Multiple lines of investigations have implicated the role of the dopaminergic system in depression. The aim of the study was to characterise the Dopamine D2 receptor sensitivity status in depressed patients versus controls by means of a novel neuro-endocrine challenge test, the prolactin response to sulpiride. In this intervention, ten patients and ten age(More)
Porphyria cutanea tarda is a skin disease caused by photosensitization by porphyrins whose accumulation is caused by deficiency of hepatic uroporphyrin- ogen decarboxylase activity. Mutations in the uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase gene are present in the low-penetrant, autosomal dominant familial form but not in the commoner sporadic form of porphyria(More)