Janice E. Buss

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We have introduced a variety of amino acid substitutions into carboxyl-terminal CA1A2X sequence (C = cysteine; A = aliphatic; X = any amino acid) of the oncogenic [Val12]Ki-Ras4B protein to identify the amino acids that permit Ras processing (isoprenylation, proteolysis, and carboxyl methylation), membrane association, and transformation in cultured(More)
Association of oncogenic ras proteins with cellular membranes appears to be a crucial step in transformation, ras is synthesized as a cytosolic precursor, which is processed to a mature form that localizes to the plasma membrane. This processing involves, in part, a conserved sequence, Cys-Ali-Ali-Xaa (in which Ali is an amino acid with an aliphatic side(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the ability of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) engineered to produce and secrete brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) to protect retinal function and structure after intravitreal transplantation in a rat model of chronic ocular hypertension (COH). METHODS COH was induced by laser cauterization of trabecular meshwork and episcleral(More)
The reactive cysteines in H-ras are subject to oxidative modifications that potentially alter the cellular function of this protein. In this study, purified H-ras was modified by thiol oxidants such as hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), S-nitrosoglutathione, diamide, glutathione disulphide (GSSG) and cystamine, producing as many as four charge-isomeric forms of(More)
H-Ras displays dynamic cycles of GTP binding and palmitate turnover. GTP binding is clearly coupled to activation, but whether the palmitoylated COOH terminus participates in signaling, especially when constrained by membrane tethering, is unknown. As a way to compare COOH termini of membrane-bound, lipid-modified H-Ras, palmitate removal rates were(More)
Myristic acid, a minor component of cellular fatty acids, has been shown previously to be covalently bound to most molecules of p60src, the transforming protein of Rous sarcoma virus. We have now determined at what time during the life cycle of p60src, and where within the cell, this lipid becomes attached to the protein. p60src was found to acquire(More)
surprisingly large number of proteins in eukaryotic ceils are now known to contain covalently bound lipid. Several cell surface proteins, the Thy-1 glycoprotein (27, 55), acetylcholinesterase (14), alkaline phosphatase (28), and the variant surface glycoprotein of trypanosomes (13), among others, are anchored to the outer cell surface by a complex,(More)
We have constructed two point mutants of Rous sarcoma virus in which the amino-terminal glycine residue of the transforming protein, p60src, was changed to an alanine or a glutamic acid residue. Both mutant proteins failed to become myristylated and, more importantly, no longer transformed cells. The lack of transformation could not be attributed to defects(More)
We have used oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis to replace the N-terminal amino acids of p21v-ras with residues which mimic the amino terminus of p60v-src. p21v-ras protein possessing only the first five amino acids of p60src was not myristylated, while substitution of residue 6 (serine) produced a protein p21(GSSKS) which incorporated [3H]myristic acid(More)
Oncogenic forms of ras proteins are synthesized in the cytosol and must become membrane associated to cause malignant transformation. Palmitic acid and an isoprenoid (farnesol) intermediate in cholesterol biosynthesis are attached to separate cysteine residues near the C termini of H-ras, N-ras, and Kirsten-ras (K-ras) exon 4A-encoded proteins. These lipid(More)