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BACKGROUND Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is the term coined for the neurodegenerative disease often suspected in athletes with histories of repeated concussion and progressive dementia. Histologically, CTE is defined as a tauopathy with a distribution of tau-positive neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) that is distinct from other tauopathies, and(More)
We review the relationship between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the development of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) or secondary parkinsonism. Limited by methodological issues such as recall bias and confounding risk factors, epidemiological studies on the association between TBI and idiopathic PD have so far yielded mixed results. While clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effectiveness of high-intensity aerobic training compared with low-intensity training in terms of energy cost of locomotion, peak oxygen uptake, peak power, and self-reported physical function in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS Eighty children with JIA, ages 8-16 years, were enrolled in a randomized,(More)
This article explores the ethics of paying research participants for studies involving more than minimal risk using arguments grounded in morality, logic and pragmatism, as well as patient responses from a focused qualitative study. The authors argue that payment of research participants is ethically unacceptable. Balanced against the probability of harmful(More)
We describe a 10-year-old boy who developed a pseudoaneurysm in the territory of the left hepatic artery after blunt trauma to the abdomen, which was prophylactically embolized. He was discharged early and was able to return to activities of daily life. In view of the potentially fatal complication of severe hemorrhage from a missed hepatic pseudoaneurysm(More)
BACKGROUND Delays in the operating room have a negative effect on its efficiency and the working environment. In this prospective study, we analyzed data on perioperative system delays. METHODS One neurosurgeon prospectively recorded all errors, including perioperative delays, for consecutive patients undergoing elective procedures from May 2000 to(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE The association between restless legs syndrome (RLS) and Parkinson disease has been extensively studied, but the temporal relationship between the two remains unclear. We thus conduct the first prospective study to examine the risk of developing Parkinson disease in RLS. DESIGN Prospective study from 2002-2010. SETTING United States. (More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We review the characteristics of adult-onset leukoencephalopathy with axonal spheroids and pigmented glia(ALSP) and determine prevalence of behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) features in ALSP. METHODS Clinical and pathological information was abstracted from histopathologically confirmed ALSP cases identified by a(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE Differences in patient adherence to various disease-modifying drugs (DMDs) in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) are not well understood. The goal of this study was to evaluate adherence of adult MS patients in Ontario with public drug plan coverage to various DMDs: intramuscular interferon beta-1a (i.m. IFNβ-1a, Avonex),(More)
BMI1 is required for the self-renewal of stem cells in many tissues including the lung epithelial stem cells, Bronchioalveolar Stem Cells (BASCs). Imprinted genes, which exhibit expression from only the maternally or paternally inherited allele, are known to regulate developmental processes, but what their role is in adult cells remains a fundamental(More)