Janice C. S. Tsui

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Striatal glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) mRNA levels in both young (2-month old) and old (11-month old) C57BL/6J mice were quantified at 3, 7 and 21 days following 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) treatment. MPTP did not alter the expression of GDNF mRNA in these animals. Immunoreactive staining of GDNF in the(More)
Cardiovascular disease is a complex disorder involving multiple pathophysiological processes, several of which involve activation of toll-like receptors (TLRs) of the innate immune system. As sentinels of innate immunity TLRs are nonclonally germline-encoded molecular pattern recognition receptors that recognize exogenous as well as tissue-derived molecular(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are key receptors of the innate immune system which are expressed on immune and nonimmune cells. They are activated by both pathogen-associated molecular patterns and endogenous ligands. Activation of TLRs culminates in the release of proinflammatory cytokines, chemokines, and apoptosis. Ischaemia and ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R)(More)
In the Western world, peripheral vascular disease (PVD) has a high prevalence with high morbidity and mortality. In a large percentage of these patients, lower limb amputation is still required. Studies of ischaemic skeletal muscle disclosed evidence of endogenous angiogenesis and adaptive skeletal muscle metabolic changes in response to hypoxia. Chemokines(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease characterised by vascular dysfunction and damage, excess collagen deposition and subsequent organ manifestations. Vasculopathy is an early feature of the disease which leads to a chronic hypoxic environment in the tissues. Paradoxically, there is a lack of angiogenesis. We(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO) has tissue-protective properties, but it increases the risk of thromboembolism by raising the haemoglobin concentration. New generation of EPO derivatives is tissue protective without the haematopoietic side effects. Preclinical studies have demonstrated their effectiveness and safety. This paper summarizes the development in EPO(More)
Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) is a cause of significant morbidity and mortality in the Western world. Risk factor modification and endovascular and surgical revascularisation are the main treatment options at present. However, a significant number of patients still require major amputation. There is evidence that nitric oxide (NO) and its endogenous(More)
TIAs secondary to carotid stenoses are unusual in young patients with no obvious cardiovascular risk factors, and may be missed. A 30-year-old, left-handed man presented to the emergency department on Boxing Day with a 20-min history of slurred speech and weakness affecting his right arm. This was preceded by a generalized headache earlier that day. Over(More)
Over the last twenty years, revolutionary advances in biomedicine including gene therapy, stem cell research, proteomics, genomics and nanotechnology have highlighted the progressive need to restructure traditional approaches to basic and clinical research in order to facilitate the rapid, efficient integration and translation of these new technologies into(More)