Janice A. Nicklas

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The overall objective of this study was to evaluate a continuum of biomarkers in blood and urine for their sensitivities as indicators of low level occupational exposures to 1,3 butadiene (BD). The study design was largely cross-sectional, with biological samples collected within a short timeframe. Personal 8-h BD exposure measures were made on several(More)
Malathion is a widely used pesticide with high potential for human exposure. Epidemiological studies suggest that individuals with chronic environmental exposures to pesticides have increased risks of various hematological malignancies. The genotoxic data to date have been somewhat inconclusive with regard to malathion exposure. We have used a cell cloning(More)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is particularly susceptible to mutation by alkylating agents, and mitochondrial damage may contribute to the efficacy and toxicity of these agents. We found that folate supplementation decreased the frequency of the "common deletion" (4.8kb, bases 8103-12,936) in liver from untreated rats and from animals treated with(More)
Results of a recent molecular epidemiological study of 1,3-butadiene (BD) exposed Czech workers, conducted to compare female to male responses, have confirmed and extended the findings of a previously reported males only study (HEI Research Report 116, 2003). The initial study found that urine concentrations of the metabolites 1,2-dihydroxy-4-(acetyl)(More)
Gene mutation in vivo in human T lymphocytes appears to occur preferentially in dividing cells. Individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) are assumed to have one or more populations of diving T cells that are being stimulated by autoantigens. Mutant T cell clones from MS patients were isolated and tested for reactivity to myelin basic protein, an antigen(More)
To assess the potential effect of maternal environments on human embryonic/fetal somatic mutation, we measured the frequencies of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT, hprt gene), mutant T lymphocytes (Mf), and glycophorin A (GPA) variant erythrocytes (Vf) of both allele-loss (phi/N) and allele-loss-and-duplication (N/N) phenotypes in(More)
Determining the amount of human DNA extracted from a crime scene sample is an important step in DNA profiling. The forensic community relies almost entirely upon a technique (slot blot) to quantitate human DNA that is imprecise, time consuming, and labor intensive. We have previously described a method for quantitation of human DNA based on PCR(More)
DNA sequences of the deletion breakpoints of 24 human T-lymphocyte hprt gene mutations are reported. These independent deletions ranged in size from 18 to 15655 base pairs. Seven of the 21 in vivo mutations arose in normal adults, three in normal children, eight in radioimmunotherapy patients and three in platinum chemotherapy patients. One in vitro(More)
In order to determine a large deletion breakpoint spectrum, 25 independent hprt T-lymphocyte mutants with deletions extending from hprt into the telomeric or centromeric flanking chromosomal region were analyzed by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). PFGE was used to determine deletion sizes which allowed localization of breakpoints external to hprt to(More)
We have investigated the level of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage and deletions in bronchoalveolar lavage tissues from smokers and nonsmokers using quantitative, extra-long PCR and a "common" mtDNA deletion assay. Smokers had 5.6 times the level of mtDNA damage, 2.6 times the damage at a nuclear locus (beta-globin gene cluster), and almost 7 times the(More)