The authors review the goals, methods, sample, and selected epidemiologic findings from a collaborative study of affective disorders among the Amish. This culturally and genetically homogeneous population (N = 12,500) constitutes an excellent research setting for psychiatric epidemiologic and genetic study. Alcoholism, drug abuse, and sociopathy did not… (More)
Reanalysis of an Old Order Amish pedigree, to include several new individuals and two changes in clinical status, markedly reduces the probability of linkage between bipolar affective disorder and the Harvey-ras-1 oncogene and insulin loci on chromosome 11. This linkage can be excluded using a large lateral extension of the original Amish pedigree.
In the Amish Study of affective disorders, 79% of the 28 active bipolar I patients, diagnosed according to Research DIagnostic Criteria, previously had received hospital record diagnoses of schizophrenia. Both cultural and clinical factors hindered correct diagnosis, and cultural influences particularly complicated the interpretation of the manic symptoms… (More)
An analysis of the segregation of restriction fragment length polymorphisms in an Old Order Amish pedigree has made it possible to localize a dominant gene conferring a strong predisposition to manic depressive disease to the tip of the short arm of chromosome 11.
All suicides were ascertained for a 100-year period (1880 to 1980) in a study of mental illness among the Old Order Amish. The majority (92%) of the 26 cases were diagnosed with a major affective disorder and were situated in multigenerational families with heavy loading for bipolar, unipolar, and other affective-spectrum illnesses. The suicides clustered… (More)
Bipolar disorder is a common, heritable mental illness characterized by recurrent episodes of mania and depression. Despite considerable effort to elucidate the genetic underpinnings of bipolar disorder, causative genetic risk factors remain elusive. We conducted a comprehensive genomic analysis of bipolar disorder in a large Old Order Amish pedigree.… (More)
OBJECTIVE A priority for research on manic-depressive or bipolar I disorder (BPI) for children and adolescents has been to search for early predictors of the illness. METHOD Medical record data were reviewed and systematically coded for a sample of 58 adult patients (32 males/26 females) with confirmed diagnoses of BPI to identify prodromal features and… (More)
In this report we describe our efforts to identify a gene involved in bipolar illness using a large, multigenerational Old Order Amish pedigree with many affected individuals. The original collection of cell lines from Amish pedigree 110 has been extended to include 169 individuals. We have used over 250 markers spaced at approximately 20 centiMorgans that… (More)
Reliability of diagnosis is central to genetic research on mental illness. In the Amish Study of affective disorders, consensus diagnoses were derived by a psychiatric board using the Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC). To verify the reliability of diagnoses, the authors 1) studied how well board members followed RDC procedures, 2) compared diagnoses based… (More)
Data from bipolar I old-order Amish families suggest that the morbid risk of illness is not significantly different in this population when compared with estimates of risk from previous studies. The age-corrected rates of bipolar I, bipolar II, and major depressive disorder among first-degree relatives are 8.7, 3.7, and 11.6, respectively. Risk of illness… (More)