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OBJECTIVE To estimate the shortage of mental health professionals in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS We used data from the World Health Organization's Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems (WHO-AIMS) from 58 LMICs, country-specific information on the burden of various mental disorders and a hypothetical core service delivery(More)
Human resources for mental health: workforce shortages in low-and middle-income countries / Richard M. Scheffler [… et al]. 1.Health personnel-organization and administration. 2.Health personnel-statistics. 3.Health manpower-utilization. 4.Mental disorders-epidemiology. 5.Mental health services-trends. 6.Developing countries. The designations employed and(More)
Proposed changes to the mental health care system are usually debated in terms of either health benefits or costs savings. However, because of the extensive intersection between the mental health system and the criminal justice system, changes in the organization and financing of mental health services may change the jail detention rate. We analyze jail(More)
OBJECTIVES (1) To test whether public psychiatric bed reduction may increase suicide rates; (2) to investigate whether the supply of private hospital psychiatric beds-separately for not-for-profit and for-profit-can substitute for public bed reduction without increasing suicides; and (3) to examine whether the level of community mental health resources(More)
OBJECTIVES In November 2004, California voters passed the Mental Health Services Act, which allocated more than $3 billion for comprehensive community mental health programs. We examined whether these county-level programs, known as "full service partnerships," promoted independent living arrangements (i.e., recovery) among their clients. METHODS We used(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the relationships among the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, androgen receptor (AR), and clinicopathological factors in hormone-naïve prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was conducted with132 cases of hormone-naïve prostate cancer treated by prostatectomy and prostate needle biopsy. An immunohistochemical study using antibodies(More)
BACKGROUND Although the PSA test has been used in Korea for over 20 years, the incidence of prostate cancer has risen, and the associated mortality has increased about 13-fold over the 20-year period. Also, several investigators have suggested that Asians in America are more likely to present with more advanced prostate cancer than Caucasians. We compared(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this research was to measure fever prevalence and the effectiveness of a fever screening procedure in detecting febrile arrivals at an international airport in Korea. METHODS Data were retrieved from arrivals' health declaration forms and questionnaires for febrile arrivals at an international airport collected by a national(More)
BACKGROUND There is an on-going concern that reductions in psychiatric inpatient bed capacity beyond a critical threshold will further exacerbate the incarceration of persons with mental illness. However, research to date to assess the proposed relationship between inpatient bed capacity and jail use has been limited in several ways. In addition, mechanisms(More)
There is a strong connection between the mental health and criminal justice systems. This research empirically tested whether the privatization of the inpatient mental health system alters this relationship, contributing to jail population growth. Using state-level panel data on U.S. states and the District of Columbia for the years 1985-1998, this study(More)