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We present an analysis of atmospheric neutrino data from a 33.0 kiloton-year (535-day) exposure of the Super{Kamiokande detector. The data exhibit a zenith angle dependent decit of muon neutrinos which is inconsistent with expectations based on calculations of the atmospheric neutrino ux. Experimental biases and uncertainties in the prediction of neutrino(More)
The molecular dynamics simulation with the use of the empirical Tersoff potential is applied to study the thermal characteristics of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). A thermal reservoir is devised to control the temperature and to exact the heat flux input. The quantum effect defining the precise temperature from the absolute zero Kelvin and up is included by(More)
The atmospheric neutrino ux ratio = e and its zenith angle dependence have been measured in the multi-GeV energy range using an exposure of 25.5 kiloton-years of the Super-Kamiokande detector. By comparing the data to a detailed Monte Carlo simulation, the ratio =e DATA ==e M C was measured to be 0:660:06stat:0:08sys:. In addition, a strong distortion in(More)
The atmospheric neutrino flux ratio ν µ /ν e and its zenith angle dependence have been measured in the multi-GeV energy range using an exposure of 25.5 kiloton-years of the Super-Kamiokande detector. By comparing the data to a detailed Monte Carlo simulation, the ratio (µ/e) DAT A /(µ/e) MC was measured to be 0.66 ± 0.06(stat.) ± 0.08(sys.). In addition, a(More)
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