Jang-Yang Chang

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OBJECTIVES This analysis examined the association between oral hygiene and head and neck cancer (HNC) and whether this association differed by the consumption of alcohol, betel quid, or cigarette and by the genetic polymorphisms of inflammation-related genes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Interviews regarding dental care and oral health were conducted with 317(More)
The role of a small transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β)-induced TIAF1 (TGF-β1-induced antiapoptotic factor) in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) was investigated. TIAF1 physically interacts with mothers against DPP homolog 4 (Smad4), and blocks SMAD-dependent promoter activation when overexpressed. Accordingly, knockdown of TIAF1 by small(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) and dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) of both docetaxel and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) when administered weekly in a regimen of docetaxel, 5-FU/leucovorin and cisplatin (DFLP) for 2 consecutive weeks every 3 weeks. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 31 patients with chemo-naive, advanced adenocarcinoma of the(More)
Apoptosis occurs via extrinsic or intrinsic signalling each triggered and regulated by many different molecular pathways. In recent years, the selective induction of apoptosis through survivin in tumour cells has been increasingly recognized as a promising approach for cancer therapy. Survivin has multiple functions including cytoprotection, inhibition of(More)
BACKGROUND Thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) is a cytosolic enzyme involved in the metabolism of these thiopurine drugs. Methylation of thiopurine drugs by TPMT competes with the formation of their active 6-thioguanine nucleotide metabolite, thereby potentially modulating the therapeutic and toxic effects of these drugs. OBJECTIVE To analyze the(More)
Survivin is a member of the inhibitors-of-apoptosis protein (IAPs) family. It promotes cell survival through interference with multiple cell cycle-related proteins such as INCENP and Aurora B kinase. Survivin also inhibits cell death through interference with both caspase-dependent and -independent cell apoptosis. Interestingly, recent evidence suggests(More)
A pharmacophore model, Hypo1, was built on the basis of 21 training-set indole compounds with varying levels of antiproliferative activity. Hypo1 possessed important chemical features required for the inhibitors and demonstrated good predictive ability for biological activity, with high correlation coefficients of 0.96 and 0.89 for the training-set and(More)
Self-aggregation of transforming growth factor β (TGF-β)1-induced antiapoptotic factor (TIAF1) is known in the nondemented human hippocampus, and the aggregating process may lead to generation of amyloid β (Aβ) for causing neurodegeneration. Here, we determined that overexpressed TIAF1 exhibits as aggregates together with Smad4 and Aβ in the cancer stroma(More)
SOX2 is a transcription factor essential for self-renewal and pluripotency of embryonic stem cells. Recently, SOX2 was found overexpressed in the majority of the lung squamous cell carcinoma (SQC), in which it acts as a lineage-survival oncogene. However, downstream targets/pathways of SOX2 in lung SQC cells remain to be identified. Here, we show that BMP4(More)
Individuals with allergies have a heightened Th2 (T helper 2) immunity, which may provide advantages in controlling tumor growth. Inverse associations have been reported among individuals with allergies and risk of brain and pancreatic cancers. We examined the relationship between allergies and risk of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) in a(More)